Penthesileia and Memnon (page 623, with art)

Chapter 16, The Trojan War

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♦ Berlin, Antikensammlungen F1147: Middle Corinthian column krater with Achilleus fighting Memnon

flickr

Digital LIMC

Korinth Museum C-1972-149: Late Corinthian column krater fragments with Achilleus and Memnon fighting over body of Antilochos

C.K. Williams et al., “Corinth, 1972: The Forum Area,” Hesperia 42.1 (1973), pl. 3, no. 12B.

Digital LIMC

Florence, Museo Archeologico 4210: fragmentary Chalcidian black-figure neck-amphora with Memnon and Achilleus fighting over body of Antilochos in presence of their mothers Eos (on the left) and Thetis (on the right); name and traces of Automedon, charioteer of Achilleus (on far right)

A. Rumpf, Chalkidische Vasen (1927) pl. 1

Digital LIMC

London, Christie’s Sale July 6, 2016 (once private collection in Athens, now private collection in Germany): fragmentary Tyrrhenian black-figure neck-amphora with combat of Memnon and Achilleus over body of Phokos (named); behind Memnon on the left, Eos and Hector; behind largely missing Achilleus on the right, Thetis and Diomedes

Christie’s

Beazley Archive Pottery Database (no image)

Digital LIMC

Throne of Apollo at Amyklai (known through Pausanias’ description and modern reconstructions)

Pausanias Description of Greece 3.18.12

There is wrought also the single combat of Achilles and Memnon  Greek Text

FurtwänglerRecThroneApollo.jpeg

Reconstruction of whole throne by A. Furtwängler, from J.G. Frazer, Pausanias’s Description of Greece, vol. III, Commentary (2nd ed. 1913), p. 352

Chest of Kypselos from temple of Hera at Olympia (known through Pausanias’ description and modern reconstructions)

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5.19.1

Achilles and Memnon are fighting; their mothers stand by their side  Greek Text

Detail of combat between Achilles and Memnon in presence of their mothers, from reconstruction of chest of Kypselos (lost monument once in temple of Hera, Olympia) by W. von Massow, “Die Kypseloslade,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung vol. 41 (1916), pl. 1.

Agrigento, Museo Civico C307: terracotta altar from Agrigento, with Memnon fighting Achilleus over the body of Antilochos in presence of their mothers

Livius.org

Digital LIMC

Pindar, Olympian 2.83

Achilles, who laid low Hector, the irresistible, unswerving pillar of Troy, and who consigned to death Memnon the Ethiopian, son of the Dawn.  Greek Text

Pindar, Nemean 3.61-63

and when he came into close conflict with the spear-bearing Ethiopians, he might fix it in his mind that their leader, powerful Memnon the kinsman of Helenus, should not return to his home.  Greek Text

Pindar, Nemean 6.51-55

It even reached the Ethiopians, when Memnon did not return to his home; Achilles descended from his chariot and fell upon them, a grievous antagonist, when he slew the son of the shining Dawn with the edge [55] of his raging sword.  Greek Text

Pindar, Pythian 6.39

his god-like son stayed on the spot and paid for his father’s rescue with his own life  Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 8.80-91

only Nestor of Gerenia abode, the warder of the Achaeans, and he nowise of his own will, but his horse was sore wounded, seeing goodly Alexander, lord of fair-haired Helen, had smitten him with an arrow upon the crown of the head where the foremost hairs of horses grow upon the skull, and where is the deadliest spot. [85] So, stung with agony the horse leapt on high as the arrow sank into his brain, and he threw into confusion horses and car as he writhed upon the bronze. And while the old man sprang forth and with his sword was cutting away the traces, meanwhile the swift horses of Hector came on through the tumult, bearing a bold charioteer, [90] even Hector. And now would the old man here have lost his life, had not Diomedes, good at the war-cry, been quick to see.  Greek Text

Plutarch, Moralia 17a

Greek Text and English Translation

Julius Pollux, Onomasticon 4.130

Greek Text

Aeschylos, Psychostasia pp. 375-76 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

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Tags

#Achilleus

#Memnon

#Antilochos

#Eos

#Thetis

#Phokos

Artistic sources edited by  Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, and R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., December 2021

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2023

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