Gaia and Pontos (page 18, with art)

Chapter 1: The Early Gods

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Alkaios 327 LP – Poetarum Lesbiorum Fragmenta, p. 265, ed. E. Lobel and D. L. Page. Oxford 1955

Florence, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 4209: Attic black-figure volute krater  (François Krater) with Iris from wedding of Peleus and Thetis

A. Furtwaengler, Adolf and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie I, Tafel 1-60, 1904), detail of pls. 1-2

Detail of Wikimedia photo by Sailko

Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum 1971.11.1: Attic black-figure dinos (Sophilos or Erskine Dinos) by Sophilos, with Iris from wedding of Peleus and Thetis

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Perseus Art & Archeology Artifact Browser

Athens, National Museum, Acropolis Coll. 1.587: Attic black-figure dinos fragments by Sophilos with Iris from wedding of Peleus and Thetis

B. Graef and E. Langlotz, Die antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen, vol. I plates (1925), detail of pl. 26d

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

iconiclimc

♦ Berlin, Antikensammlung F 2278: Attic red-figure cup by potter Sosias with Iris as cupbearer of gods

A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie III, Tafel 121-180, 1932), detail of pl. 123

Wikimedia photo by Miguel Hermoso Cuesta

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Perseus Art and Archaeology Artifact Browser

Munich, Antikensammlungen 2304 (J405): Attic red-figure amphora by Nikoxenos Painter with Iris as cupbearer of gods

E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts (Band 1: Götterbilder, 1840), detail from pl. 7

Wikimedia photo by Bibi Saint-Poi

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Munich, Antikensammlungen 2426 (J291): Attic red-figure hydria by Kleophrades Painter with Iris and infant Hermes

E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts (Band 2: Heroenbilder 1843), detail of pl. 83

Drawings by J.D. Beazley of faces of Iris and Hermes, from Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum E12: Attic red-figure cup by Nikosthenes Painter with Iris and corpse of Memnon (or Sarpedon)

British Museum

A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie III, Tafel 121-180, 1932), middle of pl. 156

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Florence, Museo Archeologico 4218: Attic red-figure skyphos by Kleophrades Painter with Iris and Centaurs

S. Colvin, “On Representations of Centaurs in Greek Vase-Painting,” Journal of Hellenic Studies vol. 1 (1880), pl. 3.

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum E65: Attic red-figure cup by Brygos Painter with Iris and Silenoi

British Museum

Drawing by J.D. Beazley of Iris, from Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts RES.08.30a: Attic red-figure cup with Iris and Silenoi

Museum of Fine Arts

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Berlin, Antikensammlung F2591: Attic red-figure skyphos by Penthesilea Painter with Iris and Silenoi

E. Gerhard, Antike Bildwerke (I. Centurie, Heft 3, 1827), pl. 48 top

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Berlin, Antikensammlung F1895: Attic black-figure hydria by Antimenes Painter with Hermes and Iris leading goddesses to Paris

A. Steiner, “The Alkmene Hydrias and Vase Painting in Late-Sixth-Century Athens,” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens vol. 73.3 (2004), p. 453 fig. 16 lower
 

E. Gerhard, Etruskische und Kampanische Vasenbilder des Königlichen Museums zu Berlin (1843), pl. 14 (main panel)

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Berlin, Antikensammlung F2264: Attic red-figure cup by Oltos with Iris with kerykeion/caduceus (herald’s staff)

J.C. Hoppin, A Handbook of Attic Red-Figured Vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., vol. 2 (1919), detail of fig. p. 249

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Homer, Iliad 8.398

And he sent forth golden-winged Iris to bear a message. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 11.185

And he sent forth golden-winged Iris to bear his message. Greek Text

Epimenides, Theogony 3B7 – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, p. 34, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

Pherekydes of Syros 7B5 – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, pp. 49-50, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

Epimenides, Theogony 3B9 – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

He says that the Eumenides come from Kronos:

From him beautiful-haired golden Aphrodite was born

and the immortal Moirai and the Erinyes gleaming with gifts. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Akousilaos 2F10 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1p. 51, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957. 

Akousilaos says that the Harpuiai are in charge of the apples; Epimenides says the same thing and that they are the same as the Hesperides. And he says that in the Titanomachia they are in charge of the apples. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Homer, Iliad 16.150-51

Xanthus and Balius, that flew swift as the winds, horses that the Harpy Podarge conceived to the West Wind, as she grazed on the meadow beside the stream of Oceanus. Greek Text

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Artistic Sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, October 2017

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, July 2020

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