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Chapter 9, Theseus’ Later Exploits

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Plutarch, Theseus 27.4

Here, he says. the Athenians were routed and driven back by the women as far as the shrine of the Eumenides, but those who attacked the invaders from the Palladium and Ardettus and the Lyceum, drove their right wing back as far as to their camp, and slew many of them. And after three months, he says, a treaty of peace was made through the agency of Hippolyta; for Hippolyta is the name which Cleidemus gives to the Amazon whom Theseus married, not Antiope. But some say that the woman was slain with a javelin by Molpadia, while fighting at Theseus’s side, and that the pillar which stands by the sanctuary of Olympian Earth was set up in her memory.  Greek Text

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1.2.1

On entering the city there is a monument to Antiope the Amazon. This Antiope, Pindar says, was carried off by Peirithous and Theseus, but Hegias of Troezen gives the following account of her. Heracles was besieging Themiscyra on the Thermodon, but could not take it, but Antiope, falling in love with Theseus, who was aiding Heracles in his campaign, surrendered the stronghold. Such is the account of Hegias. But the Athenians assert that when the Amazons came, Antiope was shot by Molpadia, while Molpadia was killed by Theseus. To Molpadia also there is a monument among the Athenians.  Greek Text

Ovid, Heroides 4.119-20

If you ask where she is: Theseus pierced her side with a sword. The mother was not safe by such a pledge.  (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)  Latin Text

Hyginus, Fabulae 241

Theseus, son of Aegeus, killed Antiopa, the Amazon, daughter of Mars, because of an oracle of Apollo.  Latin Text

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 95.48: Attic red-figure squat lekythos with Theseus and Antiope

BostonMFA95.48

L.D. Caskey and J.D. Beazley, Attic Vase Paintings in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, part 1.2 (1931), pl. 30

Museum of Fine Arts

Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Ferrara, Museo Nazionael di Spina 2890: Attic red-figure calyx krater with Theseus and Antiope

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

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Edited by Aaron J. Ivey, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Classics, University of Georgia, June 2016, and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, July 2016.

Literary sources updated by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, May 2023.

 

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