P. 254 (with art)

Diodorus Bibliotheca Historica 4.59.5:

And near Eleusis he slew Cercyon, who wrestled with those who passed by and killed whomever he could defeat. After this he put to death Procrustes, as he was called, who dwelt in what was known as Corydallus in Attica; this man compelled the travellers who passed by to lie down upon a bed, and if any were too long for the bed he cut off the parts of their body which protruded, while in the case of such as were too short for it he stretched (prokrouein) their legs, this being the reason why he was given the name Procrustes (original Greek).

Ovid Metamorphoses 7.438:

And fierce Procrustes, matched with you beside the rapid river, met his death; And even Cercyon, in Eleusis lost his wicked life—inferior to your might (original Latin).

Ovid Ibis 409:

As Sinis and Sciron and Polypemon with his son (original Latin).

Apollodorus Epitome 1.4:

Sixth, he slew Damastes, whom some call Polypemon. He had his dwelling beside the road, and made up two beds, one small and the other big; and offering hospitality to the passers-by, he laid the short men on the big bed and hammered them, to make them fit the bed; but the tall men he laid on the little bed and sawed off the portions of the body that projected beyond it (original Greek).

Plutarch Theseus 11.1:

In Eleusis, moreover, he out-wrestled Cercyon the Arcadian and killed him and going on a little farther, at Erineus, he killed Damastes, surnamed Procrustes, by compelling him to make his own body fit his bed, as he had been wont to do with those of strangers. And he did this in imitation of Heracles. For that hero punished those who offered him violence in the manner in which they had plotted to serve him, and therefore sacrificed Busiris, wrestled Antaeus to death, slew Cycnus in single combat, and killed Termerus by dashing in his skull (Original Greek).

Pausanias Description of Greece 1.38.5:

At Eleusis flows a Cephisus which is more violent than the Cephisus I mentioned above, and by the side of it is the place they call Erineus, saying that Pluto descended there to the lower world after carrying off the Maid. Near this Cephisus Theseus killed a brigand named Polypemon and surnamed Procrustes (Original Greek).

Hyginus Fabula 38:

He slew Corynetes, son of Neptune, by force of arms.
He killed Pityocamptes, who forced travellers to help him bend a pine tree to the ground. When they had taken hold of it with him, he let it rebound suddenly with force. Thus they were dashed violently to the ground and died.
He killed Procrustes, son of Neptune. When a guest came to visit him, if he was rather tall, he brought a shorter bed, and cut off the rest of his body; if rather short, he gave him a longer bed, and by hanging anvils to him stretched him to match the length of the bed.
Sciron used to sit near the sea at a certain point, and compel those who passed by to wash his feet; then he kicked them into the sea. Theseus cast him into the sea by a similar death, and from this the rocks are called those of Sciron.
He killed by force of arms Cercyon, son of Vulcan.
He killed the boar which was at Cremyon.
He killed the bull at Marathon, which Hercules had brought to Eurystheus from Crete.
He killed the Minotaur in the town of Cnossus (original Latin).

London, British Museum E36: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and Prokroustes


British Museum


C.H. Smith, Catalogue of the Greek and Etruscan Vases in the British Museum, vol. 3 (1896), pl. 2

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Florence, Museo Archeologico 91456: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and Prokroustes


Detail from pl. X from J. E. Harrison and D.S. MacColl, Greek vase paintings: a selection of examples ; with preface, introduction and descriptions (1894)

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Paris Louvre, G104: Attic red-figure cup by Onesimos with Theseus and Prokroustes


A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie III, 1932), pl. 141



Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Madrid, Museo Arqueologico Nacional 11265: Attic red-figure cup by Aison with Theseus and Prokroustes


G. Leroux, Vases grecs et italo-grecs du Musée Archéologique de Madrid (1912), pl. 27


G. Leroux, Vases grecs et italo-grecs du Musée Archéologique de Madrid (1912), pl. 26

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Oxford, Ashmolean Museum 1937.983: Attic red-figure calyx krater by the Dinos Painter with Theseus and Prokroustes


Oxford 1937.1

J. D. Beazley, “Prometheus Fire-Lighter,” American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 43 (1939), 619 fig. 1 and pl. 10

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Euripides Hippolytus 977:

For if I am to be bested by you when you have done this to me, Isthmian Sinis shall no longer attest that I killed him but say it was an idle boast, and the Skironian rocks near the sea (original Greek).

Edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., July 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, November 2016.

 888 total views,  1 views today