Minor Divinities (page 145, with art)

Chapter 3: Olympos, the Underworld, and Minor Divinities

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Eretria, Archaeological Museum: terracotta statuette of horse/man from Lefkandi (Kentauros?)

Wikimedia

Paris, Cabinet des Médailles M.5837: Cycladic sealstone, archer and horse/man (Herakles and Kentauros Nessos?)

Cabinet des Médailles

Athens, National Museum 15350: ivory relief plaque from Sparta with Herakles and Kentauros Nessos

R.M. Dawkins, The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta (1929) pl. 101

Berlin, Antikensammlung F336: Protocorinthian aryballos, Herakles and Kentauroi at the cave of Pholos

Archäologische Zeitung 41 (1883), pl. 10.1

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 11.210.1: Protoattic neck-amphora  Herakles, Kentauros Nessos and Deianeira

Metropolitan Museum

Flickr

Flickr

Olympia, Archaeological Museum BE 11a: bronze relief with Kaineus and Kentauroi.

Wikimedia

Athens, Kerameikos Museum 658: Attic black-figure amphora by Peiraieus Painter with Kentauroi (neck)

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Athens, National Museum 1002: Attic black-figure neck-amphora by the Nessos Painter, Herakles and Kentauros Nessos

Wikimedia

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Florence, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 4209: Attic black-figure volute krater from Chiusi (François Krater), frieze with Lapithai and Kentauroi

A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie I, Tafel 1-60, 1904), detail of pl. 11

A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie I, Tafel 1-60, 1904), detail of pl. 12

Fandom

Paestum Museum: metopes from Heraion I at Foce del Sele, Herakles fighting Kentauroi at the cave of Kentauros Pholos

Drawing by Stephen Deck from Frances Dodds Van Keuren, The Frieze from the Hera I Temple at Foce del Sele (1989), pl. 2

Kentauros Pholos

Kentauros

Soprintendenza Archeologia per le provincie di Salerno e Avellino

Paestum Museum: metopes from the Heraion I at Foce del Sele, Herakles and Nessos with Deianeira

Drawing by Stephen Deck from Frances Dodds Van Keuren, The Frieze from the Hera I Temple at Foce del Sele (1989), pl. 3

Soprintendenza Archeologia per le provincie di Salerno e Avellino

Paris, Musée du Louvre E662: Lakonian black-figure dinos by the Rider Painter, Herakles and the Kentauros Pholos

Wikimedia

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 84.67: frieze from the Temple of Athene at Assos,  Herakles, Pholos and Kentauroi

Museum of Fine Arts

London, British Museum B226: Attic black-figure neck-amphora, Herakles, Kentauros Pholos and Hermes

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Vatican Museums, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco 388: Attic black-figure amphora,  Kentauros Pholos, Herakles, Kentauroi and wine pithos

Flickr

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Rome, Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia 50626: Attic black-figure neck-amphora, Herakles and Kentauros Pholos

Flickr

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Palermo, Museo Nazionale A. Salinas 45: Attic black-figure lekythos with Kentauros Pholos and Herakles at wine pithos

Wikimedia

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 93.100: Attic black-figure white-ground lekythos with Kentauros Pholos at wine pithos

Museum of Fine Arts

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Bonn, Akademisches Museum 2674: Ionian black-figure hydria, Kaineus and Kentauroi at wedding of Peirithoos

iconiclimc

♦ Paris, Musée du Louvre, Cp 10228: Caeretan hydria, Oineus, Herakles, Deianeira and Nessos

iconiclimc

Hesiod, Theogony 1001-2

and bore a son Medeus whom Cheiron the son of Philyra brought up in the mountains.  Greek Text

Gigantomachia (probably Titanomachia) fr 10 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 15, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

The poet of the Titanomachia says that Kronos, after changing into a horse, mated with Phillyra, daughter of Okeanos, and therefore the centaur Cheiron was generated. His wife was Chariklo.  (Transl. E Bianchelli)

Pherekydes 3F50 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 75, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

♠ Pindar, Pythian 3.4

I would want Cheiron the son of Philyra to be alive again, he who has departed, the wide-ruling son of Cronus son of Uranus.  Greek Text

Pindar, Pythian 4.102-3

I say that I am going to bring the teaching of Cheiron; for I come from his cave, from the presence of Chariclo and Philyra, where the holy daughters of the Centaur raised me.  Greek Text

Pindar, Pythian 4.115

and gave me to Cheiron the son of Cronus to rear  Greek Text

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Tags:

#Kentauros

#Herakles

#Nessos

#Pholos

#Kentauroi

#Deianeira

#Kaineus

#Hermes

#wine+pithos

#Peirithoos

Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, December 2017.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2021.

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