P. 224 (with art)

Scholia T to Homer, Iliad 23.665 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 6, p. 434, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1888.

Greek Text

Lykophron, Alexandra 943-45

And for his false oath the gods made his son grow to be a coward man, a good boxer but a skulker in the mellay of the spear. By his arts he most greatly helped the host.  Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 23.664-71

So spake he, and forthwith uprose a man valiant and tall, [665] well-skilled in boxing, even Epeius, son of Panopeus; and he laid hold of the sturdy mule, and spake, saying:“Let him draw nigh, whoso is to bear as his prize the two-handled cup : the mule I deem that none other of the Achaeans shall lead away, by worsting me with his fists, for I avow me to be the best man. [670] Sufficeth it not that I fall short in battle? One may not, meseemeth, prove him a man of skill in every work.  Greek Text

Stesichoros.  Iliou Persis fr 200 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 109 ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Athenaios 456 F seq.

And [ they say that] there was an ass that they called Epeios who was carrying water up to them; [he was so named] because there was a story that [Epeios] was doing the same and this Trojan fable had been represented in the temple of Apollo, where Epeios brings water to the Atreidai, as Stesichoros says:

For the daughter of Zeus took pity on him always carrying water to the kings.   (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Athenaios, The Deipnosophists 10.456e-f  (11.84)

And Simonides composed also another epigram which causes perplexity to those who are ignorant of history—

I Say that he who does not like to win

The grasshopper’s prize, will give a mighty feast

to the Panopeiadean Epeus.

And it is said, that when he was sojourning at Carthea he used to train choruses; and that the place where these exercises took place was in the upper part of the city, near the temple of Apollo, a long way from the sea; so that all the rest of the citizens, and Simonides himself, went down to get water, to a place where there was a fountain.  Greek Text

Greek Text

Pindar, Nemean 3.36-39

And powerful Telamon, the comrade of Iolaus, sacked the city of Laomedon; and once he followed him to meet the bronze-bowed strength of the Amazons. And fear, the subduer of men, never dulled the edge of his mindGreek Text

Pindar, Nemean 4.25-30

Heracles, [25] with whom once powerful Telamon destroyed Troy and the Meropes and the great and terrible warrior Alcyoneus, but not before that giant had laid low, by hurling a rock, twelve chariots and twice twelve horse-taming heroes who were riding in them.  Greek Text

Pindar, Isthmian 5.34-37

But in Oenone the honors belong to the great-hearted spirits [35] of Aeacus and his sons. Twice in battles they sacked the city of the Trojans: the first time following Heracles, the second time the sons of AtreusGreek text

Pindar, Isthmian 6.27-30

The son of Alcmena led him in ships to Troy, the toil of heroes, for war that delights in bronze, as an eager ally along with the men of Tiryns because of Laomedon’s wrongdoing.  Greek Text

Pindar fr 172 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 126-27, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

Peisandros fr 11 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 170, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Peisandros says that Herakles gave Telamon a most beautiful cup for the expedition against Ilios. (Transl. E Bianchelli)

Homer, Iliad 8.281-84

Teucer, beloved, son of Telamon, captain of hosts, shoot on in this wise, if so be thou mayest prove a light of deliverance to the Danaans and a glory to thy father Telamon, who reared thee when thou wast a babe, and for all thou wast a bastard cherished thee in his own house.  Greek Text

Sophokles, Aias 1299-1303

I am the son of Telamon, [1300] who won my mother for his consort as prize for valor supreme in the army. And she was the daughter of Laomedon, of royal blood, and it was as the flower of the spoil that Alcmena’s son gave her to Telamon.  Greek Text

Xenophon, Kynegetikos (On Hunting) 1.9

Telamon waxed so mighty that he wedded from the greatest city the maiden of his choice, Periboea, daughter of Alcathus: and when the first of the Greeks, Heracles son of Zeus, distributed the prizes of valour after taking Troy, to him he gave Hesione.  Greek Text

Ovid, Metamorphoses 11.211-17

This awful punishment was not enough.
The daughter of the king was soon required
as food for a sea-monster—. Hesione
was chained to rugged rocks. But Hercules
delivered from all harm the royal maid
and justly he demanded of the king,
her father, payment of the promised steeds;
but that perfidious king refused to keep
his promise. Hercules enraged, because
all payment was denied to him for his
great service, captured the twice-perjured walls
of conquered Troy. And as a fair reward,
he gave to Telamon, who fought for him,
Hesione, loved daughter of that king.  Latin Text

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.6.4

Howbeit Laomedon marched against the ships with the multitude and slew Oicles in battle, but being repulsed by the troops of Hercules, he was besieged. The siege once laid, Telamon was the first to breach the wall and enter the city, and after him Hercules. But when he saw that Telamon had entered it first, he drew his sword and rushed at him, loath that anybody should be reputed a better man than himself. Perceiving that, Telamon collected stones that lay to hand, and when Hercules asked him what he did, he said he was building an altar to Hercules the Glorious Victor. Hercules thanked him, and when he had taken the city and shot down Laomedon and his sons, except Podarces, he assigned Laomedon’s daughter Hesione as a prize to Telamon.  Greek Text

Scholion Ab to Homer, Iliad 8.284 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 1, p. 283, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 63.420: late Corinthian column krater with Herakles, Hesione and sea monster

Museum of Fine Arts

flickr photo


Taranto, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 52155: Attic black-figure cup by Lydos with Herakles, Hesione and sea monster

J. K. Papadopoulos and D. Ruscillo, “A Ketos in Early Athens: An Archaeology of Whales and Sea Monsters in the Greek World”, American Journal of Archaeology 106, No. 2 (Apr., 2002), 217 fig. 26

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Pindar, Nemean 3.38-39

And powerful Telamon, the comrade of Iolaus, sacked the city of Laomedon; and once he followed him to meet the bronze-bowed strength of the Amazons.  Greek Text

Pindar fr 172 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 126-27, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.


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