The Judgment of Paris (page 569, with art)

Chapter 16, The Trojan War

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Paus 5.19.5 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

”There is also Hermes bringing to Alexander the son of Priam the goddesses of whose beauty he is to judge, the inscription on them being: “Here is Hermes, who is showing to Alexander, that he may arbitrate
Concerning their beauty, Hera, Athena and Aphrodite.  Greek Text

Throne of Apollo at Amyklai (known through Pausanias’ description and modern reconstructions)

Paus 3.18.12 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

Hermes is bringing the goddesses to Alexander to be judged.  Greek Text


Reconstruction of whole throne by A. Furtwängler, from J.G. Frazer, Pausanias’s Description of Greece, vol. III, Commentary (2nd ed. 1913), p. 352

 Paris, Musée du Louvre CA 616: Attic black-figure tripod kothon by the C Painter, Judgement of Paris with (right to left) Paris fleeing, Oinone (?), Hermes and three goddesses

J.D. Beazley, Development of Attic Black-Figure (1986) pl. 21.2

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

 Florence, Museo Archeologico 70995: Attic black-figure neck-amphora by Lydos, Judgement of Paris with (right to left) Paris running away, Hermes in pursuit, three goddesses and two spectators

Jane E. Harrison, “The Judgment of Paris: Two Unpublished Vases in the Graeco-Etruscan Museum at Florence,” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 7 (1886), pl. 70

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum 1948.10-15.1: Attic black figure column krater by Lydos,  Judgement of Paris with (right to left) Paris running away, Hermes, three goddesses and three spectators

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Munich, Antikensammlungen 837:  Pontic amphora by the Paris Painter,  Judgment of Paris

Side A with Paris’ hound and cattle and Paris to right, from L. Hannestad, The Paris Painter: An Etruscan Vase-Painter (1974), pl. 1

For detail Paris, see Digital LIMC

Side B with Priam (?), Hermes, Hera with veil, Athena with spear and Aphrodite


London, British Museum: Etruscan architectural plaques, the Boccanera slabs,  Judgement of Paris with Paris, Hermes, Athena with spear, Hera (?) and Aphrodite (?)


British Museum

London, British Museum, E178: Attic red figure hydria by the Painter of the Yale Oinochoe, Judgment of Paris with (right to left) Paris with lyre and ram seated on rock, Hera with scepter and apple, Athena with spear and aegis and mantled Aphrodite

 British Museum

Drawing by J.D. Beazley, from Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum, E 257: Attic red-figure amphora by the Niobid Painter, Judgment of Paris with seated Paris, Hera with scepter and apple, helmeted Athena with spear and shield and Aphrodite

E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts (Band 3): Heroenbilder, meistens homerisch (1847), pl. 176

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

ApE 3.2 – Apollodoros, Epitome

For one of these reasons Strife threw an apple as a prize of beauty to be contended for by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite; and Zeus commanded Hermes to lead them to Alexander on Ida in order to be judged by him.  Greek Text

Fab 92 – Hyginus, Fabulae

Jupiter ordered Mercury to take them to Mt Ida to Paris Alexander, and bid him judgeLatin Text

Sal 45 Loukianos, De Saltatione

the reception of Paris by Menelaus, and the rape of Helen, the sequel to his award of the golden apple.  Greek Text

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Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, September2021.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2023

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