The Children of Zeus: Apollo (page 87 lower)

Chapter 2: The Olympians

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Homeric Hymn 3 to Apollo

I will remember and not be unmindful of Apollo who shoots afar. As he goes through the house of Zeus, the gods tremble before him and all spring up from their seats when he draws near, as he bends his bright bow. But Leto alone stays by the side of Zeus who delights in thunder; and then she unstrings his bow, and closes his quiver, and takes his archery from his strong shoulders in her hands and hangs them on a golden peg against a pillar of his father’s house. Then she leads him to a seat and makes him sit: and the Father gives him nectar in a golden cup welcoming his dear son, while the other gods make him sit down there, and queenly Leto rejoices because she bare a mighty son and an archer. Rejoice, blessed Leto, for you bare glorious children, the lord Apollo and Artemis who delights in arrows; her in Ortygia, and him in rocky Delos, as you rested against the great mass of the Cynthian hill hard by a palm-tree by the streams of Inopus. Greek Text

Homeric Hymn 4.475-77 to Hermes

but since, as it seems, your heart is so strongly set on playing the lyre, chant, and play upon it, and give yourself to merriment, taking this as a gift from me, and do you, my friend, bestow glory on me. Sing well with this clear-voiced companion in your hands; for you are skilled in good, well-ordered utterance. Greek Text

Parmenides 28A20 DK – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, p. 221, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

Greek Text

Same as

Empedokles 31A23 DK – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, p. 286, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

Greek Text

Euripides, Phaeton fr 781.10-12 N² – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, pp. 607-9, ed. A. Nauck, 2nd ed. Leipzig 1889.

Greek Text

Aischylos fr 170 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 286, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

whom neither the rays of the sun look at

nor the bright eye of Leto’s daughter. (Transl. E Bianchelli)

Aischylos, Hiketides (Suppliant Women) 212-14

Invoke now also that bird of Zeus

We invoke the saving beams of the sun.

Pure Apollo, too, who, though a god, was exiled once from heaven. Greek Text

Aischylos, Bassarides p. 138 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 138 ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Katast 24 – Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Katasterismoi – Mythographi Graeci 3.1, pp. 28-30, ed. A. Olivieri. Leipzig 1897. 

About the Lyra

But having gone down into Hades because of his wife and seeing what sort of things were there, he did not continue to worship Dionysos, because of whom he was famous, but he thought Helios to be the greatest of the gods, Helios whom he also addressed as Apollo. Rousing himself up each night towards dawn and climbing the  mountain called Pangaion he await the sun’s rising, so that he might see it first. Therefore Dionysos, being angry with him, sent the Bassarides, as Aischylos the tragedian says; they tore him apart and scattered the limbs.  (Transl. T. N. Gantz)  Greek Text

Aischylos, Choephoroi 984-86

that the Father may see—not mine, but he who surveys all this, the Sun—that he may see the impious work of my own mother, that he may be my witness in court that I justly pursued this death, my own mother’s. Greek Text

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Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2021

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