♦ Polygnotos’ Nekuia painting at Knidian Lesche, Delphi (known through Pausanias’ description and modern reconstructions)
♠ Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.31.10
Higher up than these is Callisto, daughter of Lycaon, Nomia, and Pero, daughter of Neleus. As her bride-price Neleus asked for the oxen of Iphiclus. Instead of a mattress, Callisto has a bearskin, and her feet are lying on Nomia’s knees. I have already mentioned that the Arcadians say that Nomia is a nymph native to their country. The poets say that the nymphs live for a great number of years, but are not altogether exempt from death. Greek Text
Detail with Kallisto, from C. Robert’s reconstruction of Polygnotos’ Nekuia, J.G. Frazer, Pausanias’s Description of Greece, vol. V, Commentary (2nd ed. 1913), pl. opposite p. 372.
♦ Paris, Seillière Collection: Attic red-figure amphora, Artemis and Kallisto?
C. Lenormant and J.J.A.M. de Witte, Élite des monuments céramographiques: matériaux pour l’histoire des religions et des moeurs de l’antiquité 2 (1857) pl. 90
♦ Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 13.206: Apulian fragment by the Black Fury Painter, Artemis and Kallisto
♦ Malibu, J. Paul Getty Museum 72.AE.128: Apulian red-figure choos, Kallisto
♠ Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Katasterismoi 8R – Eratosthenis Catasterismorum reliquiae, pp. 50-52, ed. C. Robert. Berlin 1878. = Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 163 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 79-80, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.
♠ Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Katasterismoi 1 – Mythographi Graeci vol. 3, pt. 1, pp. 1-2, ed. A. Olivieri. Leipzig 1897.
♠ Hyginus, De Astronomia 2.4.1
He is said to be Arcas, the son of Jove and Callisto, whom Lycaon served at a banquet, cut up with other meat, when Jupiter came to him as a guest. For Lycaon wanted to know whether the one who had asked for his hospitality was a god or not. For this deed he was punished by no slight punishment, for Jupiter, quickly overturning the table, burned the house with a thunderbolt, and turned Lycaon himself into a wolf. Latin Text
Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, May 2019.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2022.
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