The Dioskouroi 323

Chapter 11: The Daughters of Thestios

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Il 3.237-38 – Homer, Iliad

Castor, tamer of horses, and the goodly boxer, Polydeuces, even mine own brothers, whom the same mother bare  Greek Text

Od 11.298-300 – Homer, Odyssey

And I saw Lede, the wife of Tyndareus, who bore to Tyndareus two sons, stout of heart, [300] Castor the tamer of horses, and the boxer Polydeuces.  Greek Text

Il 3.243-44 – Homer, Iliad

So said she; but they ere now were fast holden of the life-giving earth there in Lacedaemon, in their dear native land.  Greek Text

Od 11.301-4 – Homer, Odyssey

These two the earth, the giver of life, covers, albeit alive, and even in the world below they have honor from Zeus. One day they live in turn, and one day they are dead; and they have won honor like unto that of the gods.  Greek Text

♠ Hes fr 24 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women)Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 14-15, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

HH 33 Homeric Hymns: to the Dioskouroi

Bright-eyed Muses, tell of the Tyndaridae, the Sons of Zeus, glorious children of neat-ankled Leda, Castor the tamer of horses, and blameless Polydeuces.  Greek Text

HH 17Homeroic Hymns: to the Dioskouroi

Sing, clear-voiced Muse, of Castor and Polydeuces, the Tyndaridae, who sprang from Olympian Zeus.  Greek Text

Alkaios 34a LP – Poetarum Lesbiorum Fragmenta, p. 125, ed. E. Lobel and D.L. Page. Oxford 1955.

Kypria fr 8 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 49, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Kastor is mortal and for him the destiny of death has been fated, however Poludeukes, scion of Ares, is immortal.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Proklos, Kypria‘s epitome PEG– Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 40, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Nem 10.55-59 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

Changing places in alternation, the Dioscuri spend one day beside their dear father Zeus, and the other beneath the depths of the earth in the hollows of Therapne, each fulfilling an equal destiny, since Polydeuces preferred this life to being wholly a god and living in heaven, when Castor was killed in battle.  Greek Text

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Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.

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