The Children of Zeus: Apollo (page 91, with art)

Chapter 2: The Olympians

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London, British Museum E64: Attic red-figure cup with Apollo pursuing a girl (Daphne?)

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Hymn to Apollo 3.208-10

Shall I sing of you as wooer and in the fields of love, how you went wooing the daughter of Azan along with god-like Ischys the son of well-horsed Elatius? Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoai (Catalogue of Women) fr 60 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 39, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 49 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 33, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Pindar, Pythian 3.34

since the girl lived by the banks of Lake Boebias. Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 50 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 33-34, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

ApB 3.10.3 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Besides them Leucippus begat Arsinoe: with her Apollo had intercourse, and she bore Aesculapius. But some affirm that Aesculapius was not a son of Arsinoe, daughter of Leucippus, but that he was a son of Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas in Thessaly. And they say that Apollo loved her and at once consorted with her. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 4.193-94

Talthybius, make haste to call hither Machaon, son of Asclepius, the peerless leech. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 4.218-19

he sucked out the blood, and with sure knowledge spread thereon soothing simples, which of old Cheiron had given to his father with kindly thought. Greek Text

Homeric Hymn 16 to Asklepios

I begin to sing of Asclepius, son of Apollo and healer of sicknesses. Greek Text

Pindar, Pythian 3.8-46

His mother, the daughter of Phlegyas with his fine horses, before she could bring him to term with the help of Eleithuia who attends on childbirth, was stricken by the golden arrows of Artemis in her bedroom and descended to the house of Hades, by the skills of Apollo. The anger of the children of Zeus is not in vain. But she made light of Apollo, in the error of her mind, and consented to another marriage without her father’s knowledge, although she had before lain with Phoebus of the unshorn hair, and was bearing within her the pure seed of the god. She did not wait for the marriage-feast to come, nor for the full-voiced cry of the hymenaeal chorus, such things as unmarried girls her own age love to murmur in evening songs to their companion. Instead, she was in love with what was distant; many others have felt that passion. There is a worthless tribe among men which dishonors what is at home and looks far away, hunting down empty air with hopes that cannot be fulfilled. Such was the strong infatuation that the spirit of lovely-robed Coronis had caught. For she lay in the bed of a stranger who came from Arcadia; but she did not elude the watcher. Even in Pytho where sheep are sacrificed, the king of the temple happened to perceive it, Loxias, persuading his thoughts with his unerring counsellor: his mind, which knows all things. He does not grasp falsehood, and he is deceived by neither god nor man, neither in deeds nor in thoughts. Knowing even then of her sleeping with Ischys, son of Elatus, and of her lawless deceit, he sent his sister, raging with irresistible force, to Lacereia, since the girl lived by the banks of Lake Boebias. A contrary fortune turned her to evil and overcame her. And many neighbors shared her fate and perished with her; fire leaps from a single spark on a mountain, and destroys a great forest. But when her kinsmen had placed the girl in the wooden walls of the pyre, and the ravening flame of Hephaestus ran around it, then Apollo spoke: “I can no longer endure in my soul to destroy my own child by a most pitiful death, together with his mother’s grievous suffering.” So he spoke. In one step he reached the child and snatched it from the corpse; the burning fire divided its blaze for him, and he bore the child away and gave him to the Magnesian Centaur to teach him to heal many painful diseases for men. Greek Text

Akousilaos 2F17 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 52, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Pherekydes 3F3 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 60, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Scholion at Pindar, Pythian3.52b – Scholia vetera in Pindari carmina, Vol. 2, pp. 70-71, ed. A.B Drachman. Leipzig 1903.

Greek Text

Artemon 569F5 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker pt. 3 B, p. 663, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Palermo, Museo Archeologico Regionale T183 (not Mormino Collection): Attic red-figure skyphos by Sotades Painter with Apollo playing lyre and sitting on palm (?) leaves, and white bird (raven?) in tree

Digital LIMC, Polo Regionale di Palermo per i Parchi e i Musei Archeologici

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 51 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 34, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Stesichors 194 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 107 ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Akousilaos 2F18 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 52, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Pherekydes 3F35 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 71, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Pindar, Pythian 3.55-58

Gold shining in his hand turned even that man, for a handsome price, to bring back from death a man who was already caught. And so the son of Cronus hurled his shaft with his hands through both of them, and swiftly tore the breath out of their chests; the burning thunderbolt brought death crashing down on them. Greek Text

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#Apollo, #Daphne, #raven

Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, July 2019.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2021

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