♠ Homer, Odyssey 11.134-36
And death shall come to thee thyself far from the sea,  a death so gentle, that shall lay thee low when thou art overcome with sleek old age, and thy people shall dwell in prosperity around thee. Greek Text
♠ Pausanias, Description of Greece 8.12.5-6
It is said to be the grave of Penelope, but the account of her in the poem called Thesprotis is not in agreement with this saying.  For in it the poet says that when Odysseus returned from Troy he had a son Ptoliporthes by Penelope. But the Mantinean story about Penelope says that Odysseus convicted her of bringing paramours to his home, and being cast out by him she went away at first to Lacedaemon, but afterwards she removed from Sparta to Mantineia, where she died. Greek Text
♠ Eugammon of Cyrene, Telegoneia testimonia 3 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 100, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
♠ Apollodoros, Epitome 7.34
And after sacrificing to Hades, and Persephone, and Tiresias, he journeyed on foot through Epirus, and came to the Thesprotians, and having offered sacrifice according to the directions of the soothsayer Tiresias, he propitiated Poseidon. Greek Text
♠ Apollodoros, Epitome 7.34-36
But Callidice, who was then queen of the Thesprotians, urged him to stay and offered him the kingdom;  and she had by him a son Polypoetes. And having married Callidice, he reigned over the Thesprotians, and defeated in battle the neighboring peoples who attacked him. But when Callidice died he handed over the kingdom to his son and repaired to Ithaca, and there he found Poliporthes, whom Penelope had borne to him.  When Telegonus learned from Circe that he was a son of Ulysses, he sailed in search of him. And having come to the island of Ithaca, he drove away some of the cattle, and when Ulysses defended them, Telegonus wounded him with the spear he had in his hands, which was barbed with the spine of a sting-ray, and Ulysses died of the wound. Greek Text
♠ Lykophron, Alexandra 795-96
The deadly spike, hard to heal, of the Sardinian fish shall wound his sides with its sting and kill him. Greek Text
♠ Scholia at Homer, Odyssey 11.134 – Scholia Graeca in Homeris Odysseam, vol. 2, pp. 487-88, ed. W. Dindorf. Oxford 1855.
♠ Oppianos, Halieutika 2.497-505
♠ Aischylos, Psychagogoi fr 275 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 373, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, April 2023
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