♦ Stuttgart, Landesmuseum Württemberg Arch 65/15: Chalkidian? black-figure amphora with Sphinx on column and seated Oidipous, surrounded by eight grieving women
Hesiod, Theogony 326-27
But Echidna was subject in love to Orthus and brought forth the deadly Sphinx which destroyed the Cadmeans. Greek Text
Oidipodeia fr 1 PEG (Poetae Epici Graeci) 1, p. 20, ed. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
Fairest and most desirable of all, the child of Kreon, glorious Haemon. (Translated by T. N. Gantz)
∑ Phoinissai (Phoenician Women) 1031 Scholia in Euripidem, ed. E. Schwartz, vol. 1. Berlin 1887, p. 358 = fr178 N²
ApB 3.5.8 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
For Hera sent the Sphinx, whose mother was Echidna and her father Typhon; and she had the face of a woman, the breast and feet and tail of a lion, and the wings of a bird. And having learned a riddle from the Muses, she sat on Mount Phicium, and propounded it to the Thebans. Greek Text
♦ Syracuse, Museo Archeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi 25418: Attic black-figure cup by the C Painter, Sphinx and youths (one under her belly)
P. Orsi, “Nuove antichità di Gela,” Monumenti antichi della Reale Accademia dei LIncei 19 (1908/10) 99-100 fig. 8
♦ Athens, National Museum 397: Attic black-figure lekythos with Sphinx carrying off youth
Aischylos, Hepta (Seven Against Thebes) 539-44
Nor does he take his stand at the gate unboasting, but wields our city’s shame on his bronze-forged shield, his body’s circular defence, on which the Sphinx who eats men raw is cleverly fastened with bolts, her body embossed and gleaming. She carries under her a single Cadmean, so that against this man chiefly our missiles will be hurled. Greek Text
♦ Kiel, Antikensammlung B553 (not B555, as Gantz): Attic red-figure lekythos, with Sphinx carrying youth
♦ Athens, National Museum, 1607. Attic red figure lekythos. Sphinx and victim.
♦ Malibu, J. Paul Getty Museum, 85.AE.377. Attic red figure lekythos by the Kleomelos Painter. Sphinx and victim.
J. Paul Getty Museum.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2020
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