Oidipous (page 495, with art)

Chapter 14: Thebes

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Stuttgart, Landesmuseum Württemberg Arch 65/15: Chalkidian? black-figure amphora with Sphinx on column and seated Oidipous, surrounded by eight grieving women

Landesmuseum Württemberg

Digital LIMC

Th 326-27 – Hesiod, Theogony

But Echidna was subject in love to Orthus and brought forth the deadly Sphinx which destroyed the Cadmeans. Greek Text

Oidipodeia fr 1 PEGPoetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 20, ed. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987. 

but still fairest and most desirable of all, the dear child of blameless Kreon, glorious Haemon. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Σ Pho 1031 – Scholia to Euripides, Phoinissai (Phoinician Women) Scholia in Euripidem 1, p. 358, ed. E. Schwartz. Berlin 1887. 

Greek Text

Same as

Euripides, Antigone fr 178 N² – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, p. 410, ed. A. Nauck, 2nd ed. Leipzig 1889.

Greek Text

ApB  3.5.8Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

For Hera sent the Sphinx, whose mother was Echidna and her father Typhon; and she had the face of a woman, the breast and feet and tail of a lion, and the wings of a bird. And having learned a riddle from the Muses, she sat on Mount Phicium, and propounded it to the Thebans. Greek Text

Syracuse, Museo Archeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi 25418: Attic black-figure cup by the C Painter, Sphinx and youths (one under her belly)

P. Orsi, “Nuove antichità di Gela,” Monumenti antichi della Reale Accademia dei LIncei 19 (1908/10) 99-100 fig. 8

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Athens, National Museum 397: Attic black-figure lekythos with  Sphinx carrying off youth

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Hepta 539-44 – Aischylos, Hepta epi Thebas (Seven Against Thebes)

Nor does he take his stand at the gate unboasting, but wields our city’s shame on his bronze-forged shield, his body’s circular defence, on which the Sphinx who eats men raw is cleverly fastened with bolts, her body embossed and gleaming. She carries under her a single Cadmean, so that against this man chiefly our missiles will be hurled. Greek Text

Kiel, Antikensammlung B553 (not B555, as Gantz): Attic red-figure lekythos, with  Sphinx carrying youth

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Athens, National Museum, 1607.  Attic red figure lekythos.  Sphinx and victim.


Malibu, J. Paul Getty Museum, 85.AE.377.  Attic red figure lekythos by the Kleomelos Painter.  Sphinx and victim.

J. Paul Getty Museum.

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Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2020

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