The Children of Kronos: Hades (page 72, with art)

Chapter 2: The Olympians

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Homer, Iliad 9.566-71

By her side lay Meleager nursing his bitter anger, wroth because of his mother’s curses; for she prayed instantly to the gods, being grieved for her brother’s slaying; and furthermore instantly beat with her hands upon the all-nurturing earth, calling upon Hades and dread Persephone, the while she knelt and made the folds of her bosom wet with tears, that they should bring death upon her son; and the Erinys that walketh in darkness heard her from Erebus, even she of the ungentle heart. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 9.456-57

but my father was ware thereof forthwith and cursed me mightily, and invoked the dire Erinyes that never should there sit upon his knees a dear child begotten of me; and the gods fulfilled his curse, even Zeus of the nether world and dread Persephone. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 20.61-65

And seized with fear in the world below was Aidoneus, lord of the shades, and in fear leapt he from his throne and cried aloud, lest above him the earth be cloven by Poseidon, the Shaker of Earth, and his abode be made plain to view for mortals and immortals- the dread and dank abode, wherefor the very gods have loathing. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 9.457

and the gods fulfilled his curse, even Zeus of the nether world and dread Persephone. Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 767

There, in front, stand the echoing halls of the god of the lower-world, strong Hades, and of awful Persephone. Greek Text

Aischylos, Hiketides (Suppliant Women) 231

There also among the dead, so men tell, another Zeus holds a last judgment upon misdeeds. Greek Text

Aischylos, Hiketides (Suppliant Women) 156-58

with suppliant boughs we will invoke the underworld Zeus, Zeus the great host of the dead. Greek Text

Aischylos fr 273a R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, pp. 372-73 ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Aischylos, Agamemnon 1386-87

Once he had fallen, I dealt him yet a third stroke to grace my prayer to the infernal Zeus, the savior of the dead. Greek Text

Hesiod, Works and Days 465

Pray to Zeus of the Earth and to pure Demeter to make Demeter’s holy grain sound and heavy. Greek Text

♠ Inscriptiones Graecae³ I 5

Sophokles, Antigone 1200

After we had prayed to the goddess of the roads and to Pluto to restrain their anger in mercy, we washed him. Greek Text

Aischylos, Prometheus Desmotes (Prometheus Bound806

the flood of Pluto’s stream that flows with gold. Greek Text

Rome, Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia (previously Malibu, J. Paul Getty Museum 86.AE.18.1-9 et al.):  fragmentary Attic red-figure phiale by Douris, assembly of gods including Plouton (Hades) and Demeter

M. Robertson, “A Fragmentary Phiale by Douris,” Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum 5 (1991), 85 fig. 1w

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum E82: Attic red-figure cup by the Codrus Painter, Plouton (Hades) and Persephone


British Museum

Monumenti inediti pubblicati dall’Instituto di corrispondenza archeologica 5 (1849-53), pl. 49 (detail)

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

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#Demeter, #Hades, #Persephone

Artisitc sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, May 2018.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, August 2020

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