Adrastos, Eriphyle, and Amphiaraos (page 507, with art)

Chapter 14: Thebes

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Il 2.572 – Homer, Iliad

Sicyon, wherein at the first Adrastus was king. Greek text

Il 14.121 Homer, Iliad

And he [Tydeus] wedded one of the daughters of Adrastus. Greek Text

Il 23.346-47 – Homer, Iliad

Not though in pursuit he were driving goodly Arion, the swift horse of Adrastus, that was of heavenly stock. Greek Text

Od 11.326-27 – Homer, Odyssey

And Maera and Clymene I saw, and hateful Eriphyle, who took precious gold as the price of the life of her own lord. Greek Text

Od 15.246-47 – Homer, Odyssey

Yet he [Amphiaraos] did not reach the threshold of old age, but died in Thebe, because of a woman’s gifts. Greek Text

Formerly Berlin, Antikensammlung, F1655.  Corinthian krater.  Departure of Amphiaraos.

Furtwaengler – Reichold, Griechische Vasenmalerei.

Athens, National Museum, Acropolis 2112: Attic black-figure lekanis lid,  departure of Amphiaraos.

Attic black-figure lekanis lid with departure of Amphiaraos

B. Graef und E. Langlotz, Die antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen, vol. 1 (1925), pl. 92

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Paus 5.17.7-8 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

Next is wrought the house of Amphiaraus, and baby Amphilochus is being carried by some old woman or other. In front of the house stands Eriphyle with the necklace, and by her are her daughters Eurydice and Demonassa, and the boy Alcmaeon naked. Asius in his poem makes out Alcmena also to be a daughter of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle. Baton is driving the chariot of Amphiaraus, holding the reins in one hand and a spear in the other. Amphiaraus already has one foot on the chariot and his sword drawn; he is turned towards Eriphyle in such a transport of anger that he can scarcely refrain from striking her. Greek Text

Chiusi, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 1794: Attic black-figure amphora by the Priam Painter, departure of Amphiaraos

W. Wrede, “Kriegers Ausfahrt in der archaisch-griechischen Kunst,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, vol. 41 (1916), pl. 27

iconiclimc image

Beazley Archives Pottery Database (with photos)

Nem 9.13-17Pindar, Nemean Odes

For once Adrastus fled from bold-thinking Amphiaraus and terrible civil strife, from his ancestral home, rgos; and the sons of Talaus were no longer rulers, overpowered by sedition. A stronger man puts an end to the previous justice. The sons of Talaus gave man-conquering Eriphyle, as a faithful pledge, in marriage to Amphiaraus son of Oicles, and became the most powerful of the golden-haired Danaans. Greek Text

Pindar fr 182 SM – Pindarusvol. 2, p. 129, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler, . Leipzig 1975.

Euripides, Hyrpsipyle – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, pp. 594-99, ed. A. Nauck, 2nd ed. Leipzig 1889.

Greek Text

Σ Nem 9.30 passim – Scholia to Pindar, Nemean OdesScholia vetera in Pindari carmina, ed. A. B. Drachmann. Vol. 3, pp. 152-54. Leipzig 1927.

♠ 131F10 FGrHDie Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 2, ed. F. Jacoby. 2 nd ed. Leiden 1957.

Hdt 5.67 – Herodotos, Historiae

Cleisthenes the tyrant of Sicyon,… conceived the desire to cast out from the land Adrastus son of Talaus, the hero whose shrine stood then as now in the very marketplace of Sicyon because he was an Argive… The Sicyonians had been accustomed to pay very great honor to Adrastus because the country had once belonged to Polybus, his maternal grandfather, who died without an heir and bequeathed the kingship to him. Greek Text

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Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2020

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