The Daughters of Asopos (page 220 with art)

Chapter 6: Other Early Families

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New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 96.19.1Attic red-figure column krater with Zeus with thunderbolt pursuing Aigina (named)

G.M.A. Richter and L. F. Hall, Red-Figured Athenian Vases in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1936), pl. 94

Metropolitan Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Nonnos, Dionysiaca 7.122

“The sixth shall bring the King of heaven an eagle to Aigina.”  Greek Text

Nonnos, Dionysiaca 7.210-14

Father Zeus now deceitfully changed his form, and in his love, before the due season, he flew above River Asopos, the father of a daughter, as an eagle with eye sharp-shining like the bird, as he were now presaging the winged bridal of AiginaGreek Text

Met 6.113 – Ovid, Metamorphoses

and poor Aegina, hidden in his flame  Latin Text

Il 21.189 – Homer, Iliad

and Aeacus was begotten of Zeus.  Greek Text

Th 1003-5 – Hesiod, Theogony

But of the daughters of Nereus, the Old man of the Sea, Psamathe the fair goddess, [1005] was loved by Aeacus through golden Aphrodite and bore Phocus.  Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 205 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 105, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Il 21.189 – Homer, Iliad

and Aeacus was begotten of Zeus.  Greek Text

Th 1006-7 – Hesiod, Theogony

And the silver-shod goddess Thetis was subject to Peleus and brought forth lion-hearted Achilles, the destroyer of men.  Greek Text

Nem 5.11-12 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

the illustrious sons of Endais and the strong, mighty Phocus stood and prayed, stretching their hands to the sky  Greek Text

Bak 13.96-99 – Bakchylides, Odes

and of rosy-armed Endaïs, who bore [godlike Peleus] and the helmeted warrior Telamon, having gone to bed with Aeacus.  Greek Text

ApB 3.12.6 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

And Aeacus married Endeis, daughter of Sciron, by whom he had two sons, Peleus and Telamon.  Greek Text

Thes 10 – Plutarch, Theseus

He [Theseus] also slew Sciron on the borders of Megara, by hurling him down the cliffs. Sciron robbed the passers by, according to the prevalent tradition; but as some say, he would insolently and wantonly thrust out his feet to strangers and bid them wash them, and then, while they were washing them, kick them off into the sea. [2] Megarian writers, however, taking issue with current report, and, as Simonides expresses it, ‘waging war with antiquity,’ say that Sciron was neither a violent man nor a robber, but a chastiser of robbers, and a kinsman and friend of good and just men. For Aeacus, they say, is regarded as the most righteous of Hellenes, and Cychreus the Salaminian has divine honors at Athens, and the virtues of Peleus and Telamon are known to all men. [3] Well, then, Sciron was a son-in-law of Cychreus, father-in-law of Aeacus, and grandfather of Peleus and Telamon, who were the sons of Endeis, daughter of Sciron and Chariclo. It is not likely, then, they say, that the best of men made family alliances with the basest, receiving and giving the greatest and most valuable pledges. It was not, they say, when Theseus first journeyed to Athens, but afterwards, that he captured Eleusis from the Megarians, having circumvented Diocles its ruler, and slew Sciron. Such, then, are the contradictions in which these matters are involved.  Greek Text

Paus 2.29.9 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

When Telamon and Peleus had induced Phocus to compete at the pentathlon, and it was now the turn of Peleus to hurl the stone, which they were using for a quoit, he intentionally hit Phocus. The act was done to please their mother; for, while they were both born of the daughter of Sciron, Phocus was not, being, if indeed the report of the Greeks be true, the son of a sister of Thetis.  Greek Text

Fab 14.8.4-5 – Hyginus, Fabulae

Peleus and Telamon, sons of Aeacus and Endeis daughter of Chiron, from the island of Aegina.  (Transl. Elena Bianchelli)  Latin Text

Σ Nem 5.12 – Scholia to Pindar, Nemean Odes – Scholia vetera in Pindari carmina, 3, pp. 90-91, ed. A.B Drachman. Leipzig 1927.

ΣIl 16.14 – Scholia A to Homer, Iliad – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 2, p. 91, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Thes 10.3 – Plutarch, Theseus

Well, then, Sciron was a son-in-law of Cychreus, father-in-law of Aeacus, and grandfather of Peleus and Telamon, who were the sons of Endeis, daughter of Sciron and Chariclo.  Greek Text

Hel 4-7 – Euripides, Helen

Proteus was king of this land when he was alive, [5] living on the island of Pharos and lord of Egypt; and he married one of the daughters of the sea, Psamathe, after she left Aiakos’ bed.  Greek Text

ApB 3.12.6 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Afterwards Aeacus cohabited with Psamathe, daughter of Nereus, who turned herself into a seal to avoid his embraces, and he begot a son Phocus.  Greek Text

Σ And 687 – Scholia to Euripides, Andromache  – Scholia in Euripidem 2, p. 295, ed. E. Schwartz. Berlin 1891.

Greek Text

Nem 8.7-8 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

And from that union a son was born, the king of Oenone, the best in hands and mind.  Greek Text

Is 8.21-24 – Pindar, Isthmian Odes

but he carried you to the island Oenopia and slept with you there, where you bore Aeacus, the dearest of all men on earth to the loud-thundering father. Aeacus settled disputes even for the gods.  Greek Text

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Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.

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