Altheia (page 334)

Chapter 11: The Daughters of Thestios

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Sophokles fr 830a R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 4, p. 551, ed. S.L. Radt. Göttingen 1977.

(2,66 P., p. 219 N.²)

He (Sophokles) said that in the countries beyond India (amber) is produced from the tears of the birds called meleagrides weeping for Meleager.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Hes fr 25.14-17 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 15, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Dark-eyed Althaia bore these other children to Oineus, [15] horse-taming Phereus and Agelaos armed with a good ashen spear, Toxeus and king Klymenos equal to Ares, and thick-haired Gorge, and thoughtful Deianeira (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Met 8.533-46 – Ovid, Metamorphoses

—Oh! if some God
had given a resounding harp, a voice
an hundred-fold more mighty, and a soul
enlarged with genius, I could never tell
the grief of his unhappy sisters.—They,
regardless of all shame, beat on their breasts;
before the body was consumed with fire,
embraced it, and again embracing it,
rained kisses on their loved one and the bier.
And when the flames had burnt his shrinking form
they strained his gathered ashes to their breasts,
and prostrate on the tomb kissed his dear name,
cut only in the stone,—and bathed it with their tears

Latona‘s daughter, glutted with the woes
inflicted on Parthaon’s house, now gave
two of the weeping sisters wide-spread wings,
but Gorge and the spouse of Hercules
not so were changed. Latona stretched long wings
upon their arms, transformed their mouths to beaks,
and sent them winging through the lucent air.  Latin Text

ApB 1.8.1 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Reigning over Calydon, Oeneus was the first who received a vine-plant from Dionysus. He married Althaea, daughter of Thestius, and begat Toxeus, whom he slew with his own hand because he leaped over the ditch. And besides Toxeus he had Thyreus and Clymenus, and a daughter Gorge, whom Andraemon married, and another daughter Deianira, who is said to have been begotten on Althaea by Dionysus.  Greek Text

Fab 129 – Hyginus, Fabulae

But Liber lay with Althaea, who became mother of Dejanira.  Latin Text

ApB 1.8.1 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

See above

Paus 10.38.5 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

With him [Andraemon] was buried, they say, his wife Gorge, daughter of Oeneus.  Greek Text

ApB 1.8.1 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

See above

Il 2.638 – Homer, Iliad

And the Aetolians were led by Thoas, Andraemon’s son.  Greek Text

Hes fr 12 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women)Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 8, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Thebais fr 5 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 26, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

APOLLODOR. Bibl. 1, 8, 4

After Althaia’s death, Oineus married  Periboia, daughter of Hipponoos. The author of the Thebais says that when Olenos was sacked, Oineus received her as a prize of honour. ( Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Peisandros 16F1 FGrHDie Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1p. 181, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

[APOLLOD.]  Bibl.  I  74:  After Althaia’s death, Oineus married  Periboia, daughter of Hipponoos… (75) … By her Tydeus was born to Oineus. However Peisandros says that he was born by Gorge for by the will of Zeus Oineus fell in love with his own daughter.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text

Il 14.113-18 – Homer, Iliad

Nay, but of a goodly father do I too declare that I am come by lineage, even of Tydeus, whom in Thebe the heaped-up earth covereth. [115] For to Portheus were born three peerless sons, and they dwelt in Pleuron and steep Calydon, even Agrius and Melas, and the third was the horseman Oeneus, that was father to my father, and in valour was pre-eminent among them.  Greek Text

Hes fr 10a.55-57 – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women)Hesiodi Theogonia, Opera et Dies, Scutum, p. 229, ed. Solmsen. 3d ed. Oxford 1990.

Alkmaionis fr 4 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 34, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pherekydes 3F122 FGrH Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1pp. 92-93, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Il 14.119-21 – Homer, Iliad

He [Tydeus] verily abode there, but my father went wandering to Argos, and there was settled, [120] for so I ween was the will of Zeus and the other gods.  Greek Text

For more on Tydeus’ farther career and death at Thebes, see Early Greek Myth, pp. 508-22

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Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2024.

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