♠ Antoninus Liberalis 24 – Mythography Graeci 2.1, pp. 102-3, ed. E. Martini. Leipzig 1896.
♠ Homeric Hymn to Demeter 2.198-205
A long time she sat upon the stool without speaking because of her sorrow, and greeted no one by word or by sign, but rested, never smiling, and tasting neither food nor drink, because she pined with longing for her deep-bosomed daughter, until careful Iambe —who pleased her moods in aftertime also —moved the holy lady with many a quip and jest to smile and laugh and cheer her heart. Greek Text
♠ Asklepiades 12F4 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 168, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Clement of Alexandria: Clément d’Alexandre: Le Propreptique 2.20, ed. C. Mondésert. 2nd ed. Paris 1949.
♠ Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.564-67
the mediator of these rival claims,
urged by his brother and his grieving sister,
divided the long year in equal parts.
Now Proserpina, as a Deity,
of equal merit, in two kingdoms reigns:—
for six months with her mother she abides,
and six months with her husband. Latin Text
♠ Hyginus, Fabulae 146
PROSERPINA: Pluto asked from Jove that he give him in marriage Ceres’ daughter and his own. Jove said that Ceres would not permit her daughter to live in gloomy Tartarus, but bade him seize her as she was gathering flowers on Mount Etna, which is in Sicily. While Proserpina was gathering flowers with Venus, Diana, and Minerva, Pluto came in his four-horse chariot, and seized her. Afterwards Ceres obtained from Jove permission for her to stay half of the year with her, and half with Pluto. Latin Text
♦ Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale M1367 (H3091): Attic red-figure amphora by the Oionokles Painter with Hades and Persephone
Foerster, R., Der Raub und die Ruckkehr der Persephone, in ihrer Bedeutung für die Mythologie, Litteratur- und Kunst-Geschichte (1874), pl.2
♦ Eleusis, Archaeological Museum 624 (1804): Attic red-figure skyphos fragments with Hades and Persephone
Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung 21 (1896), pl.12
♦ Bari, Macinagrossa Collection 26: Apulian red-figure hydria with Athena and Artemis at the abduction of Persephone
A. Corso, The Art of Praxiteles 1 (2004), 146 fig. 65
♦ London, British Museum B261: Attic black-figure neck-amphora from the Leagros Group with seated Hades, standing Hermes and Persephone, and Sisyphos
♦ New York, Metropolitan Museum 28.57.23: Attic red-figure bell krater with Persephone, Hermes, Hekate and Demeter
Drawing by J.D. Beazley, Beazley Archive Pottery Database
♦ Bologna, Museo Civico Archeologico 236: Attic red-figure column krater by the Alkimachos Painter with Persephone and Hermes?
Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, April 2018.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, August 2020
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