Palamedes (page 604)

Chapter 16, The Trojan War

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Proklos, Kypria epitome – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 40, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.31.2

Palamedes, as I know from reading the epic poem Cypria, was drowned when he put out to catch fish, and his murderers were Diomedes and Odysseus.  Greek Text

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.5

This Nauplius lived to a great age, and sailing the sea he used by beacon lights to lure to death such as he fell in with. It came to pass, therefore, that he himself died by that very death. But before his death he married a wife; according to the tragic poets, she was Clymene, daughter of Catreus; but according to the author of The Returns, she was Philyra; and according to Cercops she was Hesione. By her he had Palamedes, Oeax, and Nausimedon.  Greek Text

Stesichoros, Oresteias 2 213 PMG Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 115 ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

An. Bekker ii 783.16

Stesichoros in the second section of the Oresteias says that Palamedes discovered [the letters of the alphabet]

An. Bekker ii 786.11

Stesichoros describes Palamendes as their inventor.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Pindar fr 260 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 144, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

Scholia to Aischylos, Prometheus Desmotes (Prometheus Bound) 457-59a –Aeschylus Tragoediae Superstites et Deperditarum Fragmenta, Vol. 3, p. 227, ed. G. Dindorf. Hildesheim 1962.

Aischylos, Palamedes fr 182 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 297, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Aischylos, Palamedes fr 181a R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 296, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Sophokles, Nauplios fr 432 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta vol. 4, pp. 357-59, ed. S.L. Radt. Göttingen 1977.

Sophokles, Nauplios 429 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta vol. 4, p. 356, ed. S.L. Radt. Göttingen 1977.

and draughts in five lines and throws of dice  (transl. E. Bianchelli)

Euripides, Palamedes fr 578 N² – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, pp. 542-43, ed. A. Nauck, 2nd ed. Leipzig 1889.

Greek Text

Gorgias, Defense Speech for Palamedes 82B11a – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 2, pp. 294-303, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1964.

Plato, Republic 7.522d

“Certainly, then,” said I, “Palamedes in the play is always making Agamemnon appear a most ridiculous general. Have you not noticed that he affirms that by the invention of number he marshalled the troops in the army at Troy in ranks and companies and enumerated the ships and everything else as if before that they had not been counted, and Agamemnon apparently did not know how many feet he had if he couldn’t count? And yet what sort of a General do you think he would be in that case?”  Greek Text

Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2023

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