The Death of Akrisios and Perseus’ Children (page 311 upper)

Chapter 10: Perseus and Bellerophontes, Part 1

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ApB 2.4.4 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Being ashamed to return to Argos to claim the inheritance of him who had died by his hand, he [Perseus] went to Megapenthes, son of Proetus, at Tiryns and effected an exchange with him, surrendering Argosinto his hands. So Megapenthes reigned over the Argives, and Perseus reigned over Tiryns  Greek Text

Paus 2.16.3 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

Perseus, ashamed because of the gossip about the homicide [of Acrisius], on his return to Argos induced Megapenthes, the son of Proetus, to make an exchange of kingdoms; taking over himself that of Megapenthes, he founded Mycenae. For on its site the cap (myces) fell from his scabbard, and he regarded this as a sign to found a city. I have also heard the following account. He was thirsty, and the thought occurred to him to pick up a mushroom (myces) from the ground. Drinking with joy water that flowed from it, he gave to the place the name of Mycenae.  Greek Text

Il 19.116-24Homer, Iliad

[Hera speaking to Zeus] ‘Lo, even now, is born a valiant man that shall be lord over the Argives, even Eurystheus, son of Sthenelus, the son of Perseus, of thine own lineage; not unmeet is it that he be lord over the Argives’.  Greek Text

Hes fr 135 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 65-66, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

. . . Abas; and he be[got a son,] Akrisios. . . . [Pe]rseus, whom . . . [in a che]st into the sea . . . [b]rought up for Zeus . . . gold . . . dear Perseus . . . [and from him and] Andromeda [daughter of] Kepheus [were born Alkaios] and [S]thenelos and the force [of Elektryon] . . . by the cattle . . . for [the Te]leboai . . . [A]mphitryon.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis).

Hes fr 190 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 90-91, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

. . . they armed kindre[d] blood. [And after them in her hall]s the noble among women bore daughters, [Lysidike and Nikip]pe and Astydameia, [whom the sons of Perseus m]a[r]ied as wives; [Alkaios,] counselor equal [to a god] m[ade Astydameia his vigorous] bedfellow . . . [and the force of l]or[d Sthe]nelos [married Nikippe] . . . [Herakl]es’s [force] . . . he [or]dained labor[s] . . . [and o]n fastened [chariots] . . .  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)

Hes fr 195 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 93-96, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hes fr 191 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 91, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Σ A Iliad 19.116):  Some say Amphibia daughter of Pelops, and some Antibia daughter of Amphidamas; but Hesiod says Nikippe daughter of Pelops.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis).

Pherekydes 3F68 FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1p. 79, ed. F. Jacoby. 2 nd ed. Leiden 1957.

Didymos compares Pherekydes calling her Amphibia daughter of Pelops.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis).  Greek Text

Pherekydes 3F95 FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1p. 86, ed. F. Jacoby. 2 nd ed. Leiden 1957.

Pherekydes records Oidipous’s children and wives as follows: “Kreon,” he says, “gives to Oidipous the kingship and Laios’s wife, also Oidipous’s mother, Iokaste, from whom Phrastor and Laonytos are born to him, who are killed by the Minyans and Erginos. And when a year has gone by, Oidipous marries Euryganeia daughter of Periphas, from whom are born to him Antigone and Ismene, whom Tydeus kills over a spring, and the spring is called Ismene after her. And Eteokles and Polyneikes are his sons from her. And when Euryganeia has ended, Oidipous marries Astymedousa daughter of Sthenelos.”  (Transl. Silvio Curtis).  Greek Text

♠ Thes 7 – Plutarch, Theseus

For Aethra was daughter of Pittheus, as Alcmene was of Lysidice, and Lysidice and Pittheus were brother and sister, children of Hippodameia and Pelops.  Greek Text

Hes fr 193 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 92, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

. . . from deep-swirli[ng] Alpheios on [hor]ses and fast[ened] chariots [Elektryon brought Lysidike,] the gorgeous [daughter] of Pelops. [She bore him child]ren, mount[ing] the same bed: [Gorgophonos] the warrior and the spearman Per[i-] . . . and Nomios and Kelaineus [and] Am[phimachos] and [Deimachos] and Eurybios and famous E[pilaos. And them] the ship-famous Taphi[an]s sl[ew over roll]foot cattle, [sailing] in [s]hips over the s[ea’s] w[i]de back f[rom] the Echinai [islands; but Alkmene] alone was l[eft] as a joy to her pa[rents, dau]ght[er of Lysidike] and [of illustrious El]ektryon . . .  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)

♠ Hkld 210-11 – Euripides, Herakleidai

Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene, and she was daughter of Pelops.  Greek Text

♠ Ap2.4.5 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

And in Mycenae he [Perseus] had Alcaeus and Sthenelus and Heleus and Mestor and Electryon, and a daughter Gorgophone, whom Perieres married. Alcaeus had a son Amphitryon and a daughter Anaxo by Astydamia, daughter of Pelops; but some say he had them by Laonome, daughter of Guneus, others that he had them by Hipponome, daughter of Menoeceus… Electryon married Anaxo, daughter of Alcaeus, and begat a daughter Alcmena, and sons, to wit, Stratobates, Gorgophonus, Phylonomus, Celaeneus, Amphimachus, Lysinomus, Chirimachus, Anactor, and Archelaus… Sthenelus had daughters, Alcyone and Medusa, by Nicippe, daughter of Pelops; and he had afterwards a son Eurystheus, who reigned also over Mycenae.  Greek Text

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Edited by Silvio Curtis, Teaching assistant, Department of Classics, Univ. of Georgia, fall 2015.  Updated by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, May 2024. 

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