Odysseus (page 710, with art)

Chapter 17, The Return from Troy

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Palermo, Museo Nazionale B335: Attic black-figure skyphos with Odysseus? being carried on back of large turtle away from mouth of Charybdis, which is shown as a fig tree on an overhanging rock; Odysseus lies clasping turtle’s back as it carries him over the sea to a second overhanging branch, which may be an olive (alternatively, man on turtle may be Tantalos being tormented by overhanging fruit that he can never reach)

F. Van Keuren, Frieze from the Hera I Temple at Foce del Sele (1989) pl. 41b

F. Van Keuren, Frieze from the Hera I Temple at Foce del Sele (1989) pl. 42

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Baltimore, Walters Art Museum 48.198: Attic black-figure exaleiptron with nude hero (Odysseus or Peleus?) seizing right wrist of woman (Nausikaa or Thetis?), while six women flee (companions of Nausikaa or Nereids?)

Photos from Walters Art Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Chest of Kypselos from temple of Hera at Olympia (known through Pausanias’ description and modern reconstructions)

Pausanias Description of Greece 5.19.9:

Two maidens in a mule-cart, one holding the reins and the other wearing a veil upon her head, are thought to be Nausicaa, the daughter of Alcinous, and her handmaiden, driving to the washing-pits (original Greek).

Detail of Nausikaa (with veil?) and her handmaiden in a mule-cart, from reconstruction of chest of Kypselos (lost monument once in temple of Hera, Olympia) by W. von Massow, “Die Kypseloslade,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung vol. 41 (1916), pl. 1.

Munich, Antikensammlungen 2322: Attic red-figure neck amphora with (side A) tree with drying landry; naked Odysseus holding two sprigs in an attempt at modesty; an encouraging Athena; fleeing Nausikaa? and handmaiden; on side B, three servants doing laundry and a rock

Side A, from Flickr

Sides A & B, from E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts Band 3: Heroenbilder, meistens homerisch (1847) pl. 218

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 04.18: Attic red-figure pyxis lid with (counterclockwise from lower right) fruit tree, nude Odysseus, Athena, fleeing Phylonoe, thoughtful Nausikaa, Kleopatra doing wash, and fleeing Leukippe (all named)

F. Hauser, “Nausikaa. Pyxis im Fine-Arts-Museum zu Boston,”Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes in Wien 8 (1905) pl. 1

Museum of Fine Arts

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Attic Vase Inscriptions

Digital LIMC

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 34.79: Attic red-figure pelike by Lykaon Painter from Group of Polygnotos, with contemplative Odysseus in Hades seated in center, with sword drawn; to the left of Odysseus, pit with two sacrificed sheep; farther to left, shade of Elpenor stands unsteadily in a hollow; on the right, Hermes with hand raised in surprise (all three characters with names inscribed)

Reconstruction with lost yellowish-white lines restored, including inscriptions (discerned through their dull surface), from L.D. Caskey, “Odysseus and Elpenor on a vase in Boston,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 54.2 (1934) pl. 11

Museum of Fine Arts

Attic Vase Inscriptions

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Archäologisches Institut S/10 1605 (E120): fragmentary Attic red-figure oinochoe with aged herdsman with staff and pilos (Odysseus in disguise, but in his characteristic hat?), a sow and other pigs, and a second herdsman with a petasos on his back (Eumaios?)

C. Watzinger, Griechische Vasen in Tübingen (1924) pl. 32

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Chiusi, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 1831: Attic red-figure skyphos with (side A): Odysseus in disguise, but wearing his pilos, lifts his foot to be washed by his old nurse (here named Antiphata rather than Eurykleia), who recognizes him from his scar; on the right, Eumaios offers Odysseus food; on side B, Telemachos stands conversing with his mother Penelope, who sits in a pensive pose; behind both figures is Penelope’s large loom with her unfinished but elaborate weaving, that features a row of mythical monsters

A. Furtwaengler and K. Reichhold, Griechische Vasenmalerei: Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder (Serie III, Tafel, 1932) pl. 142

Attic Vase Inscriptions

Digital LIMC

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Syracuse, Museo Archeologico 2408: Attic red-figure column krater with (front side) Penelope seated on the right in front of a building, receiving gifts from four suitors; on side B, more suitors, one with the name of Mnesteres (photo not available)

F. Müller, Die antiken Odyssee-Illustrationen in ihrer kunsthistorischen Entwicklung (1913) p. 93 fig. 8

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC (no photos)

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