There was Semele, and Alkmene in Thebes by whom I begot my lion-hearted son Herakles, while Semele became mother to Bacchus the comforter of humankind. Greek Text
Homeric Hymn 1 to Dionysus
… For some say, at Dracanum; and some, on windy Icarus; and some, in Naxos, O Heaven-born, Insewn; and others by the deep-eddying river Alpheus that pregnant Semele bare you to Zeus the thunder-lover. And others yet, lord, say you were born in Thebes; but all these lie. The Father of men and gods gave you birth remote from men and secretly from white-armed Hera. Greek Text
ΣA Il 1.39 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem I, p. 8, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.
Tyrtaios 20 W – Iambi et Elegi Graeci 2, p. 161, ed. M.L. West. Oxford 1971.
Sappho, 17 LP – Poetarum Lesbiorum Fragmenta, p. 15, ed. E. Lobel and D.L. Page. Oxford 1955.
♦ Naples, Museo Nazionale Archeologico, Stg 172. Attic black figure cup. Dionysos and Semele.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, March 2020
Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, June 2020
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