The Dioskouroi (page 327 with art)

Chapter 11: The Daughters of Thestios

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Fab 80 – Hyginus, Fabulae

Castor killed Lynceus in battle; Idas, at his brother’s death, forgot both strife and bride, and started to bury his brother. When he was placing the bones in a funeral monument, Castor intervened, and tired to prevent his raising the monument, because he had won over him as if he were a woman. In anger, Idas pierced the thigh of Castor with the sword he wore. Others say that as he was building the monument he pushed it on Castor and thus killed him. When they reported this to Pollux, he rushed up and overcame Idas in a single fight.  Latin Text

ApB 3.11.2 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

But the Dioscuri marched against Messene, and drove away that cattle and much else besides. And they lay in wait for Idas and Lynceus. But Lynceus spied Castor and discovered him to Idas, who killed him. Pollux chased them and slew Lynceus by throwing his spear, but in pursuing Lynceus he was wounded in the head with a stone thrown by him, and fell down in a swoon. And Zeus smote Idas with a thunderbolt, but Pollux he carried up to heaven.  Greek Text

VM I 77 – Vatican Mythographer I – Scriptores rerum mythicarum Latini tres Romae nuper reperti 1, p. 27, ed. G. H. Bode. Celle 1834

Latin Text

Il 3.243-44 – Homer, Iliad

So said she; but they ere now were fast holden of the life-giving earth there in Lacedaemon, in their dear native landGreek Text

Od 11.301-4 – Homer, Odyssey

These two the earth, the giver of life, covers, albeit alive, and even in the world below they have honor from Zeus. One day they live in turn, and one day they are dead; and they have won honor like unto that of the gods.  Greek Text

Alkman 7 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 27, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Kypria‘s epitome PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 40, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Nem 10.55-59 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

Changing places in alternation, the Dioscuri spend one day beside their dear father Zeus, and the other beneath the depths of the earth in the hollows of Therapne, each fulfilling an equal destiny, since Polydeuces preferred this life to being wholly a god and living in heaven, when Castor was killed in battle.  Greek Text

Nem 10.85-88 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

But if you strive to save your brother, and intend to share everything equally with him, then you may breathe for half the time below the earth, and for half the time in the golden homes of heaven.  Greek Text

Py 11.61-64 – Pindar, Pythian Odes

and of the strength of Castor, and of you, lord Polydeuces, sons of the gods: you who dwell for one day at home in Therapne, and for the other in Olympus Greek Text

♠ Nem 10.55 – Pindar, Nemean Odes

Changing places in alternation  Greek Text

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Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.

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