♠ Hesiod, Theogony 326-32
but Echidna was subject in love to Orthus and brought forth the deadly Sphinx which destroyed the Cadmeans, and the Nemean lion, which Hera, the good wife of Zeus, brought up and made to haunt the hills of Nemea, a plague to men. There he preyed upon the tribes of her own people and had power over Tretus of Nemea and Apesas: yet the strength of stout Heracles overcame him. Greek Text
♠ Peisandros fr 1 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 167, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
♠ Stesichoros 229 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 122, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.
♠ Pindar, Isthmian 6.47-48
May he have a body as invulnerable as this skin that is now wrapped around me, from the beast whom I killed that day in Nemea as the very first of my labors. Greek Text
♠ Bakchylides 13.46-54
look how the descendant of Perseus brings his hand down heavily on the neck of the bloodthirsty lion with every type of skill!  For the gleaming, man-subduing bronze refuses to pierce the lion’s fearsome body; the sword was bent back. Greek Text
♠ Bakchylides 9.6-9
the flourishing plain of Nemean Zeus, where white-armed Hera reared the sheep-slaughtering, deep-voiced lion, the first of Heracles’ far-famed labors. Greek Text
London, British Museum 3204: Boiotian fibula with a man (Herakles?) and a lion (see the fibula’s right side)
H.B. Walters, Catalogue of the bronzes, Greek, Roman, and Etruscan, in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum (1899), p. 372 fig. 86
Paris, Musée de Louvre E812: Chalkidian? black-figure neck-amphora, Herakles and the lion.
Olympia Museum, Bronze Shield Strapreliefs B 1650 and B 1654.
Artistic sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, September, 2017.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, December 2020
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