Labor I: The Nemean Lion (page 383 lower, with art)

Chapter 13: Herakles

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Th 326-32 – Hesiod, Theogony

but Echidna was subject in love to Orthus and brought forth the deadly Sphinx which destroyed the Cadmeans, and the Nemean lion, which Hera, the good wife of Zeus, brought up and made to haunt the hills of Nemea, a plague to men. There he preyed upon the tribes of her own people and had power over Tretus of Nemea and Apesas: yet the strength of stout Heracles overcame him. Greek Text

Peisandros fr 1 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 167, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Stesichoros 229 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 122, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Is 6.47-48 – Pindar, Isthmian Odes

May he have a body as invulnerable as this skin that is now wrapped around me, from the beast whom I killed that day in Nemea as the very first of my labors. Greek Text

Bak 13.46-54 – Bakchylides, Epinicians

look how the descendant of Perseus brings his hand down heavily on the neck of the bloodthirsty lion with every type of skill! [50] For the gleaming, man-subduing bronze refuses to pierce the lion’s fearsome body; the sword was bent back. Greek Text

Bak 9.6-9 – Bakchylides, Epinicians

the flourishing plain of Nemean Zeus, where white-armed Hera reared the sheep-slaughtering, deep-voiced lion, the first of Heracles’ far-famed labors. Greek Text

London, British Museum 3204: Boiotian fibula with a man (Herakles?) stabbing a lion with a long spear (see the fibula’s right side)

britmus3204walterscatbronzesfig86

H.B. Walters, Catalogue of the bronzes, Greek, Roman, and Etruscan, in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum (1899), p. 372 fig. 86

British Museum

Digital LIMC

Olympia, Archaeological Museum B 1650: bronze shield-band relief with Herakles threatening lion with sword

E. Kunze, Archaische Schildbänder. Olympische Forschungen 2 (1950) pl. 53

Digital LIMC

Olympia, Archaeological Museum B 1654: bronze shield-band relief with Herakles stabbing lion with sword

E. Kunze, Archaische Schildbänder. Olympische Forschungen 2 (1950) pl. 19

Digital LIMC

Paris, Musée du Louvre E812: Chalkidian? black-figure neck-amphora, with Herakles stabbing the lion with a long sword, in presence of two male and two female spectators

louvrechalcidianheraklese812

Wikimedia

Digital LIMC

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Artistic sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of GeorgiaMarch 2023

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, December 2020

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