Chapter 9, Theseus’ Later Exploits
Athens, National Museum 2104: “Megarian” bowl with Theseus and Helen at Korinth
Illustration p. 46 from C. Robert, “Homerische Becher,” Winckelmannsfeste der Archäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin vol. 50 (1890)
♠ Homer, Iliad 9.144-45
Three daughters have I in my well-builded hall,  Chrysothemis, and Laodice, and Iphianassa. Greek Text
♠ Kypria, Argumentum – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 41, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
♠ Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 23a MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 13-14, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.
Agamemnon <lord of men> married the dark-eyed daughter <of Tyndareos, Klytaimestra, for the sake of her beauty (?)>. And she in his halls <bore slim-ankled Iphimede> and Elektra who rivaled the goddesses in beauty. Iphimede the well greaved Achaians slaughtered on the altar of famed <Artemis of the golden arrows> on that day <when they sailed on their ships> to Ilion <to exact> a penalty for the <slim-ankled> Argive woman. (Transl. T. Gantz)
♠ Pausanias, Description of Greece 2.22.6-7
Near the Lords is a sanctuary of Eilethyia, dedicated by Helen when, Theseus having gone away with Peirithous to Thesprotia, Aphidna had been captured by the Dioscuri and Helen was being brought to Lacedaemon. For it is said that she was with child, was delivered In Argos, and founded there the sanctuary of Eilethyia, giving the daughter she bore to Clytaemnestra, who was already wedded to Agamemnon, while she herself subsequently married Menelaus.  And on this matter the poets Euphorion of Chalcis and Alexander of Pleuron, and even before them, Stesichorus of Himera, agree with the Argives in asserting that Iphigenia was the daughter of Theseus. Greek Text
♠ Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 197.4-5 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 96, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.
…but Agamemnon, since he was their brother-in-law, turned his mind towards his brother, Menelaos (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey).
♠ Douris of Samos 76F92 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker pt. 2, sect. A, p. 157, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Lykophron, Alexandra 143-47
For the lame daughters of the ancient Sea with triple thread have decreed that her bedfellows shall share their marriage-feast among five bridegrooms.  Two shall she see as ravening wolves, winged wanton eagles of sharp eyes. Greek Text
♠ Lykophron, Alexandra 102-3
And when thou, the wolf, shalt have seized the unwed heifer, robbed of her two dove daughters Greek Text
Edited by Aaron J. Ivey, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Classics, University of Georgia, June 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, July 2016.
Literary sources updated by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, May 2023.
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