Chapter 16, The Trojan War
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♠ Proklos, Aithiopis Argumentum – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 67-68, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
♠ Hellanikos 4F149 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 142, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Lykophron, Alexandra 999-1001
slave of that maiden whose eye, smitten as she breathes her last, shall bring doom to the ape-formed Aetolian pest, wounded by the bloody shaft. Greek Text
♠ Scholia at Sophokles, Philoktetes 445 – Scholia in Sophoclis Tragoedias vetera, p. 364, ed. P. N. Papageorgius. Leipzig 1888.
♠ Diodoros Siculus, Library pf History 2.46.5
For a few years after the campaign of Heracles against them, they say, during the time of the Trojan War, Penthesileia, the queen of the surviving Amazons, who was a daughter of Ares and had slain one of her kindred, fled from her native land because of the sacrilege. And fighting as an ally of the Trojans after the death of Hector she slew many of the Greeks, and after gaining distinction in the struggle she ended her life heroically at the hands of Achilles. Now they say that Penthesileia was the last of the Amazons to win distinction for bravery and that for the future the race diminished more and more and then lost all its strength; consequently in later times, whenever any writers recount their prowess, men consider the ancient stories about the Amazons to be fictitious tales. Greek Text
♠ Apollodoros, Epitome 5.1-2
Penthesilia, daughter of Otrere and Ares, accidentally killed Hippolyte and was purified by Priam. In battle she slew many, and amongst them Machaon, and was afterwards herself killed by Achilles, who fell in love with the Amazon after her death and slew Thersites for jeering at him. Hippolyte was the mother of Hippolytus; she also goes by the names of Glauce and Melanippe. For when the marriage of Phaedra was being celebrated, Hippolyte appeared in arms with her Amazons, and said that she would slay the guests of Theseus. So a battle took place, and she was killed, whether involuntarily by her ally Penthesilia, or by Theseus, or because his men, seeing the threatening attitude of the Amazons, hastily closed the doors and so intercepted and slew her. Greek Text
♠ Propertius 3.11.15-16
she whose bright beauty conquered the conquering hero, when the golden helmet laid bare her forehead. Latin Text Latin Text and English Translation
♠ Eustathios, Scholia at Homer, Iliad 2.219. p. 208 — Eustathii Commentarii ad Homerii Iliadem, vol. 1, p. 169. Leipzig 1827.
♠ Scholia at Sophokles, Philoktetes 445 – See above
♠ Scholia at Lykophron, Alexandra 999 – See above
♠ Quintus of Smyrna 1.18-25
Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2023
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