The Sack of Oichalia and Herakles’ Death (page 457 lower, with art)

Chapter 13: Herakles

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♠ Od 21.22-30 – Homer, Odyssey

And Iphitus, on his part, had come in search of twelve brood mares, which he had lost, with sturdy mules at the teat; but to him thereafter did they bring death and doom, [25] when he came to the stout-hearted son of Zeus, the man Heracles, who well knew deeds of daring; for Heracles slew him, his guest though he was, in his own house, ruthlessly, and had regard neither for the wrath of the gods nor for the table which he had set before him, but slew the man thereafter, [30] and himself kept the stout-hoofed mares in his halls.  Greek Text

Kreophylos, Capture of Oichalia fr 1 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 161, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Oh lady, she sees these things in her eyes. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Hes fr 26.31-33 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of WomenFragmenta Hesiodea, p. 18, ed.  Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hes fr 25.20-25 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of WomenFragmenta Hesiodea, p. 15-16, ed.  Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

She bore and contrived dreadful deeds in the folly (?) of her mind, when anointing a chiton with a drug she gave it to the herald Lichas to convey. And he gave it to lord Herakles son of Amphitryon sacker of cities; and death came to him quickly after he received it. [25] And he died and went down into the <much-groaning> house of Hades.  (Transl. E Bianchelli and T. Gantz)

Hes fr 229 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 112-13, ed. Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

Od 8.223-28 – Homer, Odyssey

Yet with men of former days I will not seek to vie, with Heracles or with Eurytus of Oechalia, [225] who strove even with the immortals in archery. Wherefore great Eurytus died soon, nor did old age come upon him in his halls, for Apollo waxed wroth and slew him, because he had challenged him to a contest with the bow.  Greek Text

Madrid 10916.  Attic amphora by the Sappho Painter.  Herakles and the Euytidai.


Corpus Vasorm Antiquorum

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Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, September, 2017.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, December 2023.

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