Florence, Museo Archeologico Etrusco, 91456: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and the Marathonian Bull
E. Pfuhl, Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen vol. 3 (1923) pl. 101 fig. 351
London, British Museum, E36: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and the Marathonian Bull (on left)
C.H. Smith, Catalogue of the Greek and Etruscan Vases in the British Museum, vol. 3 (1896), pl. 2
Paris, Musée de Louvre F271: Attic black-figure amphora with Theseus and the Marathonian Bull
Paris, Cabinet des Médailles 536 and 647: Attic red-figure cup by the Kleophrades Painter with Marathonian Bull, Theseus and Athena
J.C. Hoppin, Euthymides and his Fellows (1917), pl. 44
Diodorus Bilioteca Historica (4.59.6)
After successfully accomplishing the deeds which we have mentioned, Theseus came to Athens and by means of the tokens caused Aegeus to recognize him. Then he grappled with the Marathonian bull which Heracles in the performance of one of his Labours had brought from Crete to the Peloponnesus, and mastering the animal he brought it to Athens; this bull Aegeus received from him and sacrificed to Apollo (Original Greek).
Apollodoros Library (2.5.7)
The seventh labour he enjoined on him was to bring the Cretan bull. Acusilaus says that this was the bull that ferried across Europa for Zeus; but some say it was the bull that Poseidon sent up from the sea when Minos promised to sacrifice to Poseidon what should appear out of the sea. And they say that when he saw the beauty of the bull he sent it away to the herds and sacrificed another to Poseidon; at which the god was angry and made the bull savage. To attack this bull Hercules came to Crete, and when, in reply to his request for aid, Minos told him to fight and catch the bull for himself, he caught it and brought it to Eurystheus, and having shown it to him he let it afterwards go free. But the bull roamed to Sparta and all Arcadia, and traversing the Isthmus arrived at Marathon in Attica and harried the inhabitants (Original Greek).
Hyginus Fabula 38:
He slew Corynetes, son of Neptune, by force of arms.
He killed Pityocamptes, who forced travellers to help him bend a pine tree to the ground. When they had taken hold of it with him, he let it rebound suddenly with force. Thus they were dashed violently to the ground and died.
He killed Procrustes, son of Neptune. When a guest came to visit him, if he was rather tall, he brought a shorter bed, and cut off the rest of his body; if rather short, he gave him a longer bed, and by hanging anvils to him stretched him to match the length of the bed.
Sciron used to sit near the sea at a certain point, and compel those who passed by to wash his feet; then he kicked them into the sea. Theseus cast him into the sea by a similar death, and from this the rocks are called those of Sciron.
He killed by force of arms Cercyon, son of Vulcan.
He killed the boar which was at Cremyon.
He killed the bull at Marathon, which Hercules had brought to Eurystheus from Crete.
He killed the Minotaur in the town of Cnossus (original Latin).
Isokrates Helen 10.25:
Theseus, however, being his own master, gave preference to those struggles which would make him a benefactor of either the Greeks at large or of his native land. Thus, the bull let loose by Poseidon which was ravaging the land of Attica, a beast which all men lacked the courage to confront, Theseus singlehanded subdued, and set free the inhabitants of the city from great fear and anxiety (original Greek).
Edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., July 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, January 2017. Patrick Dix, Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Georgia Classics Departments, November 2017.
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