Gaia and Ouranos (page 12)

Chapter 1: The Early Gods

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Hesiod fr 389 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 185, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hesiod says that Ouranos is an Akmonides; Gaia bore Akmon, and Ouranos came from Akmon. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Simias, Pteruges (Wings)

Behold the ruler of the deep-bosomed Earth, the turner upside-down of the Son of Acmon, and have no fear that so little a person should have so plentiful a crop of beard to his chin. For I was born when Necessity bare rule, and all creatures, moved they in Air or in Chaos, were kept though her dismal governance far apart. Swift-flying son of Cypris and war-lord Ares – I am not that at all; for by no force came I into rule, but by gentle-willed persuasion, and yet all alike, Earth, deep Sea, and brazen Heaven, bowed to my behest, and I took to myself their old sceptre and made me a judge among gods. Greek Text and English Translation

Alkman 61 PMG Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 61 ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Hesiod, Theogony 17

and Hebe with the crown of gold, and fair Dione Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 353

and lovely Dione Greek Text

ApB 1.1.3 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

And again he begat children by Earth, to wit, the Titans as they are named: Ocean, Coeus, Hyperion, Crius, Iapetus, and, youngest of all, Cronus; also daughters, the Titanides as they are called: Tethys, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Dione, Thia. Greek Text

ApB 1.2.7 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

To Nereus and Doris were born the Nereids, whose names are Cymothoe, Spio, Glauconome, Nausithoe, Halie, Erato, Sao, Amphitrite, Eunice, Thetis, Eulimene, Agave, Eudore, Doto, Pherusa, Galatea, Actaea, Pontomedusa, Hippothoe, Lysianassa, Cymo, Eione, Halimede, Plexaure, Eucrante, Proto, Calypso, Panope, Cranto, Neomeris, Hipponoe, Ianira, Polynome, Autonoe, Melite, Dione, Nesaea, Dero, Evagore, Psamathe, Eumolpe, Ione, Dynamene, Ceto, and Limnoria. Greek Text

Epimenides, Theogony 3B19 – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, p. 36, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

He says that the Eumenides come from Kronos:

From him beautiful-haired golden Aphrodite was born

and the immortal Moirai and the Erinyes gleaming with gifts. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)


Fr 135 Kern – Fragments of the Orphic writers cited according to O. Kern. Orphicorum Fragmenta, pp. 184-85. Berlin 1922.

Greek Text

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#Gaia, #Ouranos

Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, June 2020

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