♠ ApB 2.4.3 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
Athena inserted the Gorgon’s head in the middle of her shield. But it is alleged by some that Medusa was beheaded for Athena’s sake; and they say that the Gorgon was fain to match herself with the goddess even in beauty. Greek Text
♠ Euripides, Ion 989-96
There the earth brought forth the Gorgon, a dreadful monster.
As an ally for her children and trouble for the gods?
Yes; and Pallas, the daughter of Zeus, killed it.
[What fierce shape did it have?
A breastplate armed with coils of a viper.]
Is this the story which I have heard before?
That Athena wore the hide on her breast.
And they call it the aegis, Pallas’ armor? Greek Text
♦ Paris, Louvre CA 795: relief pithos with Perseus and Medousa as Kentauros
Drawing from Daremberg and Saglio, Dicionnaire des antiquités grecques et romaines (1896 ff.), vol. 4.2, p. 403
♦ Eleusis, Archaeological Museum: Protoattic amphora with Gorgons and Perseus
Details of beheaded Medousa and her Gorgon sisters from pp. 324, 325, 326 and 327, Kalliopi Papaggeli, Eleusis: The Archaeological Site and the Museum (2002)
♦ Athens, National Museum 1002: Attic black-figure neck-amphora with Gorgons
♦ Paris, Louvre E874: Attic black-figure dinos with Gorgons and Perseus
♦ Samos, Vathy Museum E 1: ivory relief with Perseus and Medousa
Illustration p. 155 from Konstantinos Tsakos and Maria Viglaki-Sofianou, Samos: The Archaeological Museums (2012)
♦ Olympia Museum: bronze shield-band B 1687, form XIVc, with Medousa, Pegasos and Chrysaor
♦ Kerkyra/Corfu Museum: west pediment from temple of Artemis with Medusa, Pegasus and Chrysaor
♦ Palermo, Museo Nazionale 3920B: metope from Temple C, Selinous with Perseus, Medusa and Pegasos
♦ Syracuse, Museo Archeologico: terracotta relief that may have been an antepagmentum (a relief masking the end of the central roof beam at top of a pediment) from a building at Gela; Medousa and Pegasos
♦ London, British Museum B380: Attic black-figure cup by C Painter with birth of Pegasos from Medousa’s neck
Cecil Smith, “Four Archaic Vases from Rhodes,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 5 (1884), details from pl. 43 showing collapsing and beheaded Medousa with Pegasos being born from her neck.
♦ Berlin, Antikensammlung F1753: Attic black-figure cup by C Painter with birth of Pegasos from Medousa’s neck
E. Gerhard, Griechische und etruskische Trinkschalen des Königlichen Museums zu Berlin (1840) pls. 2-3, showing collapsing and beheaded Medousa with Pegasos being born from her neck.
♦ New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 06.1070: Attic black-figure, white-ground lekythos by Diosphos Painter with Pegasos emerging from severed neck of dying Medousa
Artistic sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, October 2017
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, July 2020
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