P. 407

Stesichoros 12 SLG Supplementum Lyricis Graecis, ed. D. Page, pp. 8-9. Oxford 1974.

Stesichoros 13 SLG Supplementum Lyricis Graecis, ed. D. Page, pp. 9-10. Oxford 1974.

Stesichoros 11 SLG Supplementum Lyricis Graecis, ed. D. Page, pp. 7-8. Oxford 1974.

Stesichoros 15 SLGSupplementum Lyricis Graecis, ed. D. Page, pp. 10-11. Oxford 1974.

Aischylos, Agamemnon 869-73

Or if he had died as often as reports claimed, then truly he might have had three bodies, a second Geryon, and have boasted of having taken on him a triple cloak of earth [ample that above, of that below I speak not], one death for each different shape. Greek Text

Aischylos, Herakledai fr 74 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 192 ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Pindar fr 169a SM – Pindarus 2, pp. 122-26, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

Pindar fr 81 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 84 (= p. 75), ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

I on my part praise you, Geryoneus, but were you not dearest to Zeus, I would be completly silent. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Pindar, Isthmian 1.13

Alcmena bore her fearless son, before whom the bold hounds of Geryon once trembled. Greek Text

Herodotos, Historiae 4.8.1

But the story told by the Greeks who live in Pontus is as follows. Heracles, driving the cattle of Geryones, came to this land, which was then desolate, but is now inhabited by the Scythians. Greek Text

Euripides, Herakles Mainomenos (Hercules Furens422-24

He burned to ashes Lerna‘s murderous hound, the many-headed hydra, and smeared its venom on his darts, with which he slew the shepherd of Erytheia, a monster with three bodies. Greek Text

Diodoros Siculus, Library of History 4.18.2

And after Heracles had visited a large part of Libya he arrived at the ocean near Gadeira, where he set up pillars on each of the two continents. His fleet accompanied him along the coast and on it he crossed over into Iberia. And finding there the sons of Chrysaor encamped at some distance from one another with three great armies, he challenged each of the leaders to single combat and slew them all, and then after subduing Iberia he drove off the celebrated herds of cattle. Greek Text

ApB 2.5.10 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

As a tenth labour he was ordered to fetch the kine of Geryon from Erythia. Now Erythia was an island near the ocean; it is now called Gadira. This island was inhabited by Geryon, son of Chrysaor by Callirrhoe, daughter of Ocean. He had the body of three men grown together and joined in one at the waist, but parted in three from the flanks and thighs. He owned red kine, of which Eurytion was the herdsman and Orthus, the two-headed hound, begotten by Typhon on Echidna, was the watchdog. So journeying through Europe to fetch the kine of Geryon he destroyed many wild beasts and set foot in Libya, and proceeding to Tartessus he erected as tokens of his journey two pillars over against each other at the boundaries of Europe and Libya. But being heated by the Sun on his journey, he bent his bow at the god, who in admiration of his hardihood, gave him a golden goblet in which he crossed the ocean. And having reached Erythia he lodged on Mount Abas. However the dog, perceiving him, rushed at him; but he smote it with his club, and when the herdsman Eurytion came to the help of the dog, Hercules killed him also. But Menoetes, who was there pasturing the kine of Hades, reported to Geryon what had occurred, and he, coming up with Hercules beside the river Anthemus, as he was driving away the kine, joined battle with him and was shot dead. And Hercules, embarking the kine in the goblet and sailing across to Tartessus, gave back the goblet to the Sun. Greek Text

Pherekydes in Strabo, Geography 3.5.4

Pherecydes appears to have given to Gades the name of Erythia, the locality of the myths concerning Geryon: others suppose it to have been the island situated near to this city, and separated from it by a strait of merely one stadium. Greek Text


Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2021

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