♠ Stesichoros 193 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 106, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.
♠ Scholia to Aristeides at 13.131
♠ Scholia at Lykophron, Alexandra 113 – Lykophronis Alexandra, vol. 2, p. 59, ed. E. Scheer. Berlin 1908.
♠ Hekataios 1F308 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 41, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Hekataios 1F309 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 41, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Euripides, Elektra 1280-83
for she has come from Proteus’ house, leaving Egypt, and she never went to Troy; Zeus, to stir up strife and bloodshed among mortals, sent a phantom of Helen to Ilium. Greek Text
♠ Herodotos, Historiae 2.113-19
When I inquired of the priests, they told me that this was the story of Helen. After carrying off Helen from Sparta, Alexandrus sailed away for his own country; violent winds caught him in the Aegean and drove him into the Egyptian sea; and from there (as the wind did not let up) he came to Egypt, to the mouth of the Nile called the Canopic mouth, and to the Salters’.  Now there was (and still is) on the coast a temple of Heracles; if a servant of any man takes refuge there and is branded with certain sacred marks, delivering himself to the god, he may not be touched. This law continues today the same as it has always been from the first.  Hearing of the temple law, some of Alexandrus’ servants ran away from him, threw themselves on the mercy of the god, and brought an accusation against Alexandrus meaning to injure him, telling the whole story of Helen and the wrong done Menelaus. They laid this accusation before the priests and the warden of the Nile mouth, whose name was Thonis. Continue Reading Greek Text
Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2023
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