Section 1: The Descendants of Inachos

Phoronis fr 1 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 118, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Father of mortal men (Transl. T. Gantz)

Aischylos, Prometheus Desmotes (Prometheus Bound) 635-36

It is for you, Io, to grant them this favor, especially since they are your father’s sisters.  Greek Text

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.1

Ocean and Tethys had a son Inachus, after whom a river in Argos is called InachusGreek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 122 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 60 , ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Natalis Comes, Mythologiae viii.23

Others thought that the father of Inachus was Oenus, therefore the son of Oenus was so addressed by Hesiod in a sacred poem:

Inachos, son of Oineos, a river very dear to the son of Kronos.

Inachus, son of Oeneus, a river very dear to sky. ( Transl. E. Bianchelli)

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 124 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 60-61, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

♠ Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.1

He (Inachus) and Melia, daughter of Ocean, had sons, Phoroneus, and Aegialeus. Aegialeus having died childless, the whole country was called Aegialia; and Phoroneus, reigning over the whole land afterwards named Peloponnese, begat Apis and Niobe by a nymph Teledice. Apis converted his power into a tyranny and named the Peloponnese after himself Apia; but being a stern tyrant he was conspired against and slain by Thelxion and Telchis. He left no child, and being deemed a god was called Sarapis. But Niobe had by Zeus ( and she was the first mortal woman with whom Zeus cohabited) a son Argus, and also, so says Acusilaus, a son Pelasgus, after whom the inhabitants of the Peloponnese were called Pelasgians. However, Hesiod says that Pelasgus was a son of the soil.  Greek Text

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.3

Argus and Ismene, daughter of Asopus, had a son Iasus, who is said to have been the father of Io.  Greek Text

Akousilaos 2F23 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, pp. 53-54, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2024.

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