∑ Hipp (Scholia for Euripides, Hippolytos) 35 (Scholia in Euripdem, ed. E. Schwartz, vol. 2 , pp. 9-10 = Philochoros 328F108 (Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 3B, ed. F. Jacoby, , p. 130
Fleeing blood pollution: Philochoros says that the Pallantidai were destroyed by Theseus in the following way [frg. 108]. “When Pallas had in mind to attack the Athenians, he openly set out with his force towards the city, taking the route from Sphettos. Meanwhile his sons, in accordance with their father’s plan, set up an ambush at Gargettos with their companions. The intention was for Pallas to make a synchronized attack, when the sons made their sortie against the Athenians. With this first assault, they hoped to take the city. A man who acted as herald for Pallas, informed Theseus of what was happening. Theseus immediately attacking with his companions, annihilated them.” The story goes like this: Nisos and Pallas and Aigeus were three brothers, all sons of Pandion. Nisos dwelt at Megara, while Aigeus and Pallas came from separate districts since synoecism had not yet taken place in Attika. It is said that Theseus, who was first cousin of the sons of Pallas, destroyed one of them who was plotting to claim the kingdom. [Others told the story thus. They say that Theseus destroyed the Pallantid sons, while they were lying in ambush in order to attack the city.] But there was a law that, because of the pollution, those who shed the blood of kindred and relatives should suffer a year’s banishment: he therefore made himself an exile. He also transferred his wife to nearby Troizen (where he had kindred), separating himself from her and from the whole Peloponnese. It was customary for those avoiding trial for murder to spend one year in exile from the fatherland (translation by Mary Emerson).
ApB (Apollodoros, Bibliotheke [Library]) 1.6.2:
And she [Athena] flayed Pallas and used his skin to shield her own body in the fight (original Greek).
Athens, east frieze of Hephaisteion, Theseus battling the Pallantidai?
Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser (on design of temple)
East facade of Hephaisteion, with east frieze visible over columns of temple’s front porch, Wikimedia Commons
DS (Diodoros Siculus) 4.60.4-5:
As for the sons of Minos, Androgeos came to Athens at the time of the Panathenaic festival, while Aegeus was king, and defeating all the contestants in the games be became a close friend of the sons of Pallas.
[4.60.5] Thereupon Aegeus, viewing with suspicion the friendship which Androgeos had formed, since he feared that Minos might lend his aid to the sons of Pallas and take from him the supreme power, plotted against the life of Androgeos (original Greek).
Afterwards Pallas and his sons rebelled against Theseus. After putting them to death he went to Troezen for purification (original Greek).
At Delphinium are tried those who claim that they have committed justifiable homicide, the plea put forward by Theseus when he was acquitted, after having killed Pallas, who had risen in revolt against him, and his sons (original Greek).
Edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, July 2016
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