The Titanomachia and Zeus’ Rise to Power (page 44, with art)

Chapter 1: The Early Gods

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Aischylos 281a R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, pp. 380-83 ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

Hesiod, Theogony 492-500

After that, the strength and glorious limbs of the prince increased quickly, and as the years rolled on, great Cronos the wily was beguiled by the deep suggestions of Earth, and brought up again his offspring, vanquished by the arts and might of his own son, and he vomited up first the stone which he had swallowed last. Greek Text

Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 5.22-23

She [Hestia] was the first-born child of wily Cronos and youngest too, by will of Zeus who holds the aegis. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 13.354-55

Both the twain verily were of one stock and of one parentage, but Zeus was the elder born and the wiser. Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 15.166

I [Zeus] avow me to be better far than he in might, and the elder born. Greek Text

ApB 1.2.1 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

But when Zeus was full-grown, he took Metis, daughter of Ocean, to help him, and she gave Cronus a drug to swallow, which forced him to disgorge first the stone and then the children whom he had swallowed. Greek Text

fr 154 Kern – Fragments of the Orphic writers cited according to O. Kern. Orphicorum Fragmenta, pp. 193-94. Berlin 1922.

Greek Text

Lykophron, Alexandra 761-62

And crossing to the island abhorred by Cronus – the isle of the Sickle that severed his privy parts Greek Text

Pausanias 5.7.10

Now some say that Zeus wrestled here with Cronus himself for the throne, while others say that he held the games in honor of his victory over Cronus. Greek Text

Pausanias 8.2.2

The Olympic games I leave out of the present account, because they are traced back to a time earlier than the human race, the story being that Cronus and Zeus wrestled there, and that the Curetes were the first to race at Olympia. Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 851

and the Titans under Tartarus who live with Cronos. Greek Text

Kerkyra/Corfu, Temple of Artemis: left side of west pediment with Kronos threatened by Zeus?

Wikimedia photo

Wikimedia photo of whole west pediment

Athens, National Museum 13910: Lakonian black-figure cup with Kronos and Zeus?

J. P. Droop, “The Dates of the Vases Called ‘Cyrenaic’,” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 30 (1910), 19 fig. 7

Hesiod, Theogony 501-6

And he set free from their deadly bonds the brothers of his father, sons of Heaven whom his father in his foolishness had bound. And they remembered to be grateful to him for his kindness, and gave him thunder and the glowing thunderbolt and lightning: for before that, huge Earth had hidden these. In them he trusts and rules over mortals and immortals. Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 617-23

But when first their father was vexed in his heart with Obriareus and Cottus and Gyes, he bound them in cruel bonds, because he was jealous of their exceeding manhood and comeliness and great size: and he made them live beneath the wide-pathed earth, where they were afflicted, being set to dwell under the ground, at the end of the earth, at its great borders, in bitter anguish for a long time and with great grief at heart. Greek Text

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Artistic sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, January 2018

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, July 2020

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