Chapter 9, Theseus’ Later Exploits
♠ Istros 334F10 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker pt. 3 B, pp. 171-72, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Plutarch, Theseus 29.1
There are, however, other stories also about marriages of Theseus which were neither honorable in their beginnings nor fortunate in their endings, but these have not been dramatized. For instance, he is said to have carried off Anaxo, a maiden of Troezen, and after slaying Sinis and Cercyon to have ravished their daughters; also to have married Periboea, the mother of Aias, and Phereboea afterwards, and Iope, the daughter of Iphicles;  and because of his passion for Aegle, the daughter of Panopeus, as I have already said, he is accused of the desertion of Ariadne, which was not honorable nor even decent; and finally, his rape of Helen is said to have filled Attica with war, and to have brought about at last his banishment and death, of which things I shall speak a little later. Greek Text
♠ Apollodorus, Epitome 1.16
After fighting alongside Herakles against the Amazons, he snatched away Antiope: some say it was Melanippe, but Simonides says Hippolyte. Therefore, the Amazons attacked Athens, and Theseus with his Athenians defeated them, who had encamped around the Areopagos. Although he had his son Hippolytos with an Amazon… (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey) Greek Text
Olympia M 77: bronze relief from tripod leg with Theseus and Amazon ?
Illustration p. 98 (without female spectator on right) from G.E. Hatzi, The Archaeological Museum of Olympia (2008)
Eretria, Archaeological Museum: sculptural group from west pediment of temple of Apollo, with Theseus’ abduction of Antiope
Plaster cast colored by V. Brinkmann, Wikimedia Commons
Two possible reconstructions of pediment where the sculptural group was once located, at Ancient-Greece
View of surviving fragments of figures from pediment, at Ancient-Greece
Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser (description of late archaic temple)
London, British Museum E 41: Attic red-figure cup from Vulci with Theseus’ abduction of Antiope
Paris, Louvre G197: Attic red-figure amphora from Vulci with Theseus’ abduction of Antiope
New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 12.198.3: Attic black-figure hydria with Theseus’ abduction of Antiope on the shoulder
Metropolitan Museum (without image)
Munich, Antikensammlungen 1414: Attic black-figure amphora with Theseus’ abduction of Antiope
♠ Pindar fr. 175 – Pindarus 2, p. 127, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.
…Antiope the Amazon was snatched away by Peirithous and Theseus… (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)
♠ Pindar fr. 176 – Pindarus 2, p. 127, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.
…although Theseus had a son, Demophon, with Antiope… (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)
♠ Plutarch, Theseus 28.2
Theseus did, indeed, marry Phaedra, but this was after the death of Antiope, and he had a son by Antiope, Hippolytus, or, as Pindar says, Demophoon. As for the calamities which befell Phaedra and the son of Theseus by Antiope, since there is no conflict here between historians and tragic poets, we must suppose that they happened as represented by the poets uniformly. Greek Text
♠ Plutarch, Theseus 26.1
He also made a voyage into the Euxine Sea, as Philochorus and sundry others say, on a campaign with Heracles against the Amazons, and received Antiope as a reward of his valor; but the majority of writers, including Pherecydes, Hellanicus, and Herodorus, say that Theseus made this voyage on his own account, after the time of Heracles, and took the Amazon captive; and this is the more probable story. For it is not recorded that any one else among those who shared his expedition took an Amazon captive. Greek Text
♠ Pherekydes 3F151 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 98, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Philochoros 328F110 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker pt. 3 B, p. 130, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Pausanias, Description of Greece 1.2.1
On entering the city there is a monument to Antiope the Amazon. This Antiope, Pindar says, was carried of by Peirithous and Theseus, but Hegias of Troezen gives the following account of her. Heracles was besieging Themiscyra on the Thermodon, but could not take it, but Antiope, falling in love with Theseus, who was aiding Heracles in his campaign, surrendered the stronghold. Such is the account of Hegias. But the Athenians assert that when the Amazons came, Antiope was shot by Molpadia, while Molpadia was killed by Theseus. To Molpadia also there is a monument among the Athenians. Greek Text
Edited by Aaron J. Ivey, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Classics, University of Georgia, June 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, July 2016
Literary sources updated by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, April 2023.
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