FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1

FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

New Translations

Hekataios 1F13 – p. 10

Hekataios says that Deukalion had three sons, Pronoos, Orestheus, and Marathonios. He says that Hellen was the son of Pronoos.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli) EGM p. 167

Hekataios 1F371 – pp. 46-47

Pindar and Hekataios say that he is son of Apollo and Penelope, others of Mercury and Penelope. Euforio considers him son of Ulixes. Some, like Apollodorus, do relate that he is a god without an ancestor. About him Sergius, Vergil’s scholiast, (Buc. 2.31) so says… (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 110

Akousilaos 2F8 – p. 50

Akousilaos says that Ouranos, fearing the Hundred-Handers should they be greater than he, hurled them into Tartaros, because he saw such creatures as them. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)   EGM p. 11

Akousilaos 2F10 – p. 51

Akousilaos says that the Harpuiai are in charge of the apples; Epimenides says the same thing and that they are the same as the Hesperides. And he says that in the Titanomachia they are in charge of the apples. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 18

Akousilaos 2F20 – p. 52

Akousilaos from Argos says that Kamillos is the son of Kabeiro and Hephaistos, and from him came the three Kabeiroi, to whom the three nymphs Kabeirides were born. Pherekydes says that nine Korybantes were born from Apollo and Rhetia, and that they took up residence in Samothrake. From Kabeiro, daughter of Proteus, and Hephaistos three Kabeiroi and three nymphs called Kabeirides were born, and sacred rites were instituted for each of the triads. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 148

Akousilaos 2F28 – p. 55

Akrisios was king of Argos, Proitos was king of Tiryns.   Akrisios had a daughter …  Danae, while Proitos and his wife Stheneboia had Lysippe and Iphinoe and Iphianassa.  But they, when they were fully-grown, went mad: as Hesiod tells it (F 27), because they would not accept the mystic rites of Dionysus; but as Akousilaos recounts, because they mocked the xoanon [wooden image] of Hera. (Transl. Mary Emerson).   EGM p. 312

Akousilaos 2F34 – p. 56

Deukalion, under whom the flood occurred, was the son of Prometheus and of his mother Klymene, as most say; however according to Hesiod he is the son of Pronoe; according to Akousilaos he is the son of Hesione, daughter of Okeanos, and of Prometheus. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM pp. 29, 164

Akousilaos 2F37 – p. 56

Scholion at Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautika 4.1147:  About the hide most say that it was golden. However Akousilaos in About the Genealogies says that it grew purple from the sea.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 183 lower

Akousilaos 2F42 – p. 57 

Of Skylla Ausonia, whom night-roaming Hekate (the one they call Krataiïs or Mighty One) bore to Phorkys, Akousilaos says that she is the daughter of Phorkys and Hekate. Homer says that she is not Hekate but Krataiïs. In the Megalai Ehoiai Skylla is the daughter of Phorbas and Hekate. Stesichoros in the Skylla says that she is the daughter of a certain monster Lamia. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)   EGM p. 26

Pherekydes 3F4 – p. 60

Since Diktys and Polydektes were sons of Androthoe, daughter of Perikastor and Peristhenes son of Damastor son of Nauplios son of Poseidon and Amymone, as Pherekydes says in the first book. (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  Greek Text  EGM pp. 63, 207, 303 lower

Pherekydes 3F9 – p. 61

Schol. Apoll. Rhod. I 1212:  Pherekydes  in Book 2 says that Leda and Althaia were born to Thestios by Laophonte, daughter of Pleuron.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 196 lower, 317

Pherekydes 3F10 – p. 61

Pherekydes records in book 2 how Akrisios marries Eurydike daughter of Lakedaimon; and from them Danae is born. And the god at Pytho, when he was consulting it about a male child, prophesied to him that he would have no male child, but his daughter would have one, by whom he would be destroyed. And he goes back to Argos and makes a bronze chamber in the court of his house underground, where he takes Danae with a nurse, in which he guarded her so no child would be born from her. But Zeus desires the girl and flows from the roof as something like gold. And she receives him in her lap, and Zeus reveals himself and mixes with the girl. And Perseus is born from them, and Danae and the nurse raise him, concealing it from Akrisios. But when Perseus had turned three or four years old, he heard his voice when he was playing, and after calling back Danae with the nurse through his servants, he kills one woman, but carries Danae with the boy down to the altar of Zeus of the Courtyard, and alone he asks her where her son had been conceived from. And she said he was fathered by Zeus. And he doesn’t believe her, but sets her in a chest with the boy, and closes it and puts it out to sea. And they arrive by floating at the island of Seriphos and Diktys son of Peristhenes pulls them out, fishing with a net. Then Danae supplicates him to open the chest. And when he opens it and learns who they are, he brings them into his house and takes care of them for being relatives of his.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  Greek Text  EGM p. 300

Pherekydes 3F11 – pp. 61-62

When Perseus was living in Seriphos with his mother and had grown into a young man, Polydektes, Diktys’s brother through his mother, king of Seriphos, happened to see Danae and desired her, but he was at a loss how to sleep with her. And he prepared a lunch and invited both many others and Perseus himself. And when Perseus asked what price the meal was being celebrated for, and he said for a horse, Perseus said for the head of the Gorgon. But after the meal on the next day, when the other participants brought in the horse, Perseus did too. And Polydektes wouldn’t accept it, but demanded the head of the Gorgon according to the promise. And he said that if he didn’t bring it to him, he would take his mother. And Perseus went away sorrowfully, mourning the disaster, to the end of the island. But Hermes, seen by him and bringing the question to him, learns the reason for the lament. And he leads him first, telling him to cheer up, to the Graiai, daughters of Phorkos, Pemphredo and Enyo and Deino, with Athena preceding them, and he steals away their eye and their tooth as they hand them to each other. And they, noticing, cry out and supplicate him to give back the eye and the tooth, because the three of them made use of one by taking turns. And Perseus says he has it and he will give it back if they direct him to the nymphs who have the cap of Aides and the winged sandals and the pouch. And they tell him, and Perseus gives back what he took. And he goes away to the nymphs with Hermes, and after asking and getting them he ties on the winged sandals and hangs the pouch on his shoulders and sets the cap of Aides over his head. Then, flying, he goes to the ocean and the Gorgons, with Hermes and Athena following with him. And he finds them sleeping. And the gods with him explain to him how he must cut off the head while turned away, and they show him Medousa, who alone was mortal of the Gorgons. And he gets near and cuts it off, and puts it into the pouch and flees. But they notice and chase him and don’t see him. And Perseus gets to Seriphos, goes to Polydektes, and tells him to collect his people so he can show them the Gorgon’s head, knowing that if they saw it they were going to be rocks. And Polydektes assembles the crowd and tells him to show it. And, turning himself away, he takes it out of the pouch and shows it. And when they saw it they turned to rocks. But Athena takes the head from Perseus and sets it in her aegis. And he gives the pouch away to Hermes, and the sandals and the cap; and Hermes gives them back to the nymphs. And Pherekydes records it in the second book.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  Greek Text  EGM pp. 142, 303 lower, 305, 309 lower, 310 upper

Pherekydes 3F12 – pp. 62-63

In what comes next, he also says about the death of Akrisios that after the petrification of Polydektes and the people with him by the Gorgon’s head, Perseus leaves Diktys behind in Seriphos to be king of the Seriphians who were left, but he himself went by boat to Argos with the Kyklopes and Danae and Andromeda. And when he comes he doesn’t find Akrisios in Argos because he was afraid of him and retreated to the Pelasgians at Larissa. And since he didn’t catch him, he leaves Danae with her mother Eurydike, and Andromeda and the Kyklopes, but he himself went to Larissa. And when he arrives, he recognizes Akrisios and convinces him to follow with him to Argos. And just when they were about to leave, he happens on a contest of young men at Larissa; and Perseus enters the contest, and takes the discus and throws it; and it wasn’t a pentathlon, but they were contesting each particular one of the contests. And the discus rolls into Akrisios’s foot and wounds him. And Akrisios, getting sick from this, dies there at Larissa, and Perseus and the Larissans bury him in front of the city, and the locals make a hero temple there. And Perseus goes back away from Argos.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  Greek Text  EGM  pp. 212 lower 307 lower, 310 upper, 310 lower  

Pherekydes 3F16d – p. 65 

Pherekydes says that they are daughters of Zeus and Themis. (Transl. E. Bianchelli) Greek Text  EGM p. 6

Pherekydes 3F18a – p. 66

And Herakles took aim at him with his bow, in order to shoot him, but Helios commanded him to stop, and he in fear did so. (Transl. T. N. Gantz) EGM p. 404 

Pherekydes 3F42 – p. 74

Amaltheia was the daugther of Haimonios, and she had the horn of a bull. This horn, as Pherekydes says, had such power that it furnished plentiful food or drink, whatever one might desire . (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 41

Pherekydes 3F48 – p. 75

Pherekydes says that nine Korybantes were born from Apollo and Rhetia, and that they took up residence in Samothrake. From Kabeiro, daughter of Proteus, and Hephaistos three Kabeiroi and three nymphs called Kabeirides were born, and sacred rites were instituted for each of the triads.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 77, 148

Pherekydes 3F52 – p. 76

Artemis slew Orion in Delos. They say that this son of Earth was enormous in his body. But Pherekydes says that he was the son of Poseidon and Euryale. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text   EGM pp. 63, 271 lower

3F60 – p. 77

Apollodor. Bibl. III 158:  And Aiakos married Endeis daughter of Skeiros, from whom two children were born, Peleus and Telamon. However Pherekydes says that Telamon was a friend, not a brother of Peleus, a child of Aktaios and Glauke, daughter of Kychreus.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 222

Pherekydes 3F68 – p. 79

Didymos compares Pherekydes calling her Amphibia daughter of Pelops.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)   EGM p. 311 upper

Pherekydes 3F84 – p. 83

ALKMENE.  Pherekydes recounts. After the disappearance of Herakles from among men, Eurystheus drove out his sons [the Herakleidai] from the fatherland and reigned himself.  The Herakleidai fleeing to Demophon, the son of Theseus, dwelt in the tetrapolis of Attika.  Eurystheus sent a messenger to Athens, threatening war on the Athenians unless they would drive out the sons of Herakles.  [2] The Athenians did not decline war, so Eurystheus made an attack on Attica and having drawn up his battle line himself died in the fight, but the bulk of the Argives was turned back.  Hyllos and the other sons of Herakles and those with them, after the death of Eurystheus, went back to live in Thebes.  [3] In the meanwhile, Alkmene died of old age and the sons of Herakles made a funeral for her.  They lived next to the Elektra gate where Herakles had lived in the agora.  Zeus sent Hermes with orders to take the body of Alkmene and to carry it away to the isles of the blessed and to give her as wife to Rhadamanthys.  Hermes obediently took Alkmene, and in exchange for her body he laid a stone in the coffin.  [4] The sons of Herakles, when they were carrying the bier found it heavy and put it down; on investigation, instead of Alkmene they found a stone, and, taking it out, they erected it in a grove where is the hero shrine of Alkmene in Thebes. (Transl. Mary Emerson)  Greek Text  EGM pp. 259 464

Pherekydes 3F95 – p. 86

Pherekydes records Oidipous’s children and wives as follows: “Kreon,” he says, “gives to Oidipous the kingship and Laios’s wife, also Oidipous’s mother, Iokaste, from whom Phrastor and Laonytos are born to him, who are killed by the Minyans and Erginos. And when a year has gone by, Oidipous marries Euryganeia daughter of Periphas, from whom are born to him Antigone and Ismene, whom Tydeus kills over a spring, and the spring is called Ismene after her. And Eteokles and Polyneikes are his sons from her. And when Euryganeia has ended, Oidipous marries Astymedousa daughter of Sthenelos.”  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  EGM p. 311 upper

Pherekydes 3F104c – p. 88

Scholion at Homer, Odyssey 12.69: According to Hesiod, Iason was begotten by Aison and Polymele; according to Pherekydes he was born by Alkimede.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 195

Pherekydes 3F106 – p. 88

Scholion at Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautica 1.4: Apollonios calls the ship Argo from Argos who had built it; Pherekydes from Argos son of Phrixos.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM pp. 183 lower, 343

Pherekydes 3F114 – pp. 90-91

SCHOL. MV Hom. Od. o 225:  Melampous the son of Amythaon did many other astonishing things through divination, not least that there arose the most famous contest for a prize; for when the daughters of Proitos, king of the Argives, Lysippe and Iphianassa, sinned against Hera through youthful lack of forethought – for happening upon a temple of the goddess, they scoffed at it by saying that their father’s house was more sumptuous – and when they went mad because of this, Melampous happened to turn up and promised a total cure if he were offered a reward that was great enough to be worthy of the cure.  Already the illness had lasted ten years and brought distress not only on the maidens themselves but also on those around them.  So when Proitos had promised Melampous a share in his kingdom and one of his daughters in marriage, whichever he preferred, Melampous healed the sickness by means of supplication and sacrifices to Hera.  And he took Iphianassa in marriage, reaping the profit of the cures with herself as the bride-price. The story is in Pherekydes. (Transl. Mary Emerson).  EGM p. 312, 313 upper

Pherekydes 3F120 – p. 92

Scholia at Homer, Odyssey 19. 432: Philonis, daughter of Dion, lived in Parnassos where she lay with Apollo 〈and Hermes〉; for she possessed such a lovely beauty that even the  gods, despite being rivals, wished to lie with her. And so, from Apollo Philammon was begotten, a wise man who seems to have been the first to put together choruses of maidens, and from Hermes Autolykos was begotten. This one living in Parnassos stole and put away a lot. In fact, he possessed this art from his father, that when he stole something he escaped notice of men, and he changed the animals of his plunder into the shape that he wished, so that he became the master of a very large booty. The story is in Pherekydes.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM pp. 94, 109, 181

Pherekydes 3F146 – p. 97

SCHOL. SOPHOKL. OK 472:  the reference of a ‘dexterous man’ is to Daidalos, about whom Pherekydes speaks thus: Daidalos was born to Metion son of Erechtheus and Iphinoe, from whom the people at Athens are called Daidalidai. (Transl. Mary Emerson)  Greek Text  EGM pp. 247 lower, 262 upper

Pherekydes 3F147 – p. 98

STEPH. BYZ. s. Alope:  a city of Thessaly, from Alope of Kerkyon, according to Pherekydes; or of Aktor, according to Philo (III) …  There is a second Alope of Attica … (Transl. Mary Emerson).  Greek Text  EGM p. 253

Hellanikos 4F23 – p. 113

and he [Hellanikos] says that this Iasion/Eetion was stuck by a thunderbolt because he maltreated an  “agalma”  (statue? honor?) of Demeter. (Transl. T. N. Gantz)   EGM p. 64

Asklepiades 12F7a – p. 169

ATHENAI. X 456 B  (= SCHOL. EURIPID. Phoin. 50):  and Asklepiades in the Tragoidoumenon says that the riddle was such:  ” There is a two-footed and four-footed and three-footed upon the earth, it has a single voice, and alone of all those on land or in the air or sea it changes form. And when it goes supported on three [or its most?] feet, then the speed of its limbs is weakest. (Translated by T. N. Gantz)  Greek Text  EGM p. 496

Asklepiades 12F11 – p. 170

SCHOL. HESIOD. Theog. 223: And deadly Night bore Nemesis]  Homer knew the concept, but not the goddess Nemesis. Asklepiades in his Tragodoumenoi says that Zeus mated with Nemesis having turned himself into a swan.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 319

Peisandros 16F1 – p. 181

[APOLLOD.]  Bibl.  I  74:  After Althaia’s death, Oineus married  Periboia, daughter of Hipponoos… (75) … By her Tydeus was born to Oineus. However Peisandros says that he was born by Gorge for by the will of Zeus Oineus fell in love with his own daughter.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  Greek Text  EGM p. 334

Herodoros 31F10 – p. 217

Schol. Apoll. Rhod. 4.259:  Herodoros in the Argonautai says that they sailed through the same sea through which they had gone to Kolchis.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 362

Herodoros 31F39 – p. 223

Scholion at Apollonios of Rhodes,  Argonautika 2. 1122  Argos spoke first]  one of the children of Phrixus. Herodoros says that they had been born by Chalkiope daughter of Aietes.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 183 lower

Herodoros 31F41 – p. 223

41a [APOLLOD] Bibl 1.118:  Herodoros says that he (Herakles) did not sail at all at that time, but was a slave at Omphale’s.

41b SCHOL. APOLL. RHOD. 1.1289: Herodoros says that he and some others were not engaged.  (Tansl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 348

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