FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1

FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

New Translations

Hekataios 1F371 – pp. 46-47

Pindar and Hekataios say that he is son of Apollo and Penelope, others of Mercury and Penelope. Euforio considers him son of Ulixes. Some, like Apollodorus, do relate that he is a god without an ancestor. About him Sergius, Vergil’s scholiast, (Buc. 2.31) so says… (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 110

Akousilaos 2F8 – p. 50

Akousilaos says that Ouranos, fearing the Hundred-Handers should they be greater than he, hurled them into Tartaros, because he saw such creatures as them. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)   EGM p. 11

Akousilaos 2F10 – p. 51

Akousilaos says that the Harpuiai are in charge of the apples; Epimenides says the same thing and that they are the same as the Hesperides. And he says that in the Titanomachia they are in charge of the apples. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 18

Akousilaos 2F20 – p. 52

Akousilaos from Argos says that Kamillos is the son of Kabeiro and Hephaistos, and from him came the three Kabeiroi, to whom the three nymphs Kabeirides were born. Pherekydes says that nine Korybantes were born from Apollo and Rhetia, and that they took up residence in Samothrake. From Kabeiro, daughter of Proteus, and Hephaistos three Kabeiroi and three nymphs called Kabeirides were born, and sacred rites were instituted for each of the triads. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 148

Akousilaos 2F28 – p. 55

Akrisios was king of Argos, Proitos was king of Tiryns.   Akrisios had a daughter …  Danae, while Proitos and his wife Stheneboia had Lysippe and Iphinoe and Iphianassa.  But they, when they were fully-grown, went mad: as Hesiod tells it (F 27), because they would not accept the mystic rites of Dionysus; but as Akousilaos recounts, because they mocked the xoanon [wooden image] of Hera. (Transl. Mary Emerson).   EGM p. 312

Akousilaos 2F42 – p. 57 

Of Skylla Ausonia, whom night-roaming Hekate (the one they call Krataiïs or Mighty One) bore to Phorkys, Akousilaos says that she is the daughter of Phorkys and Hekate. Homer says that she is not Hekate but Krataiïs. In the Megalai Ehoiai Skylla is the daughter of Phorbas and Hekate. Stesichoros in the Skylla says that she is the daughter of a certain monster Lamia. (Tranls. E. Bianchelli)   EMG p. 26

Pherekydes 3F4 – p. 60

Since Diktys and Polydektes were sons of Androthoe, daughter of Perikastor and Peristhenes son of Damastor son of Nauplios son of Poseidon and Amymone, as Pherekydes says in the first book. (Transl. Silvio Curtis)   EMG p. 303 lower

Pherekydes 3F10 – pp. 61

Pherekydes records in book 2 how Akrisios marries Eurydike daughter of Lakedaimon; and from them Danae is born. And the god at Pytho, when he was consulting it about a male child, prophesied to him that he would have no male child, but his daughter would have one, by whom he would be destroyed. And he goes back to Argos and makes a bronze chamber in the court of his house underground, where he takes Danae with a nurse, in which he guarded her so no child would be born from her. But Zeus desires the girl and flows from the roof as something like gold. And she receives him in her lap, and Zeus reveals himself and mixes with the girl. And Perseus is born from them, and Danae and the nurse raise him, concealing it from Akrisios. But when Perseus had turned three or four years old, he heard his voice when he was playing, and after calling back Danae with the nurse through his servants, he kills one woman, but carries Danae with the boy down to the altar of Zeus of the Courtyard, and alone he asks her where her son had been conceived from. And she said he was fathered by Zeus. And he doesn’t believe her, but sets her in a chest with the boy, and closes it and puts it out to sea. And they arrive by floating at the island of Seriphos and Diktys son of Peristhenes pulls them out, fishing with a net. Then Danae supplicates him to open the chest. And when he opens it and learns who they are, he brings them into his house and takes care of them for being relatives of his.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)   EGM p. 300

Pherekydes 3F11 – pp. 61-62

When Perseus was living in Seriphos with his mother and had grown into a young man, Polydektes, Diktys’s brother through his mother, king of Seriphos, happened to see Danae and desired her, but he was at a loss how to sleep with her. And he prepared a lunch and invited both many others and Perseus himself. And when Perseus asked what price the meal was being celebrated for, and he said for a horse, Perseus said for the head of the Gorgon. But after the meal on the next day, when the other participants brought in the horse, Perseus did too. And Polydektes wouldn’t accept it, but demanded the head of the Gorgon according to the promise. And he said that if he didn’t bring it to him, he would take his mother. And Perseus went away sorrowfully, mourning the disaster, to the end of the island. But Hermes, seen by him and bringing the question to him, learns the reason for the lament. And he leads him first, telling him to cheer up, to the Graiai, daughters of Phorkos, Pemphredo and Enyo and Deino, with Athena preceding them, and he steals away their eye and their tooth as they hand them to each other. And they, noticing, cry out and supplicate him to give back the eye and the tooth, because the three of them made use of one by taking turns. And Perseus says he has it and he will give it back if they direct him to the nymphs who have the cap of Aides and the winged sandals and the pouch. And they tell him, and Perseus gives back what he took. And he goes away to the nymphs with Hermes, and after asking and getting them he ties on the winged sandals and hangs the pouch on his shoulders and sets the cap of Aides over his head. Then, flying, he goes to the ocean and the Gorgons, with Hermes and Athena following with him. And he finds them sleeping. And the gods with him explain to him how he must cut off the head while turned away, and they show him Medousa, who alone was mortal of the Gorgons. And he gets near and cuts it off, and puts it into the pouch and flees. But they notice and chase him and don’t see him. And Perseus gets to Seriphos, goes to Polydektes, and tells him to collect his people so he can show them the Gorgon’s head, knowing that if they saw it they were going to be rocks. And Polydektes assembles the crowd and tells him to show it. And, turning himself away, he takes it out of the pouch and shows it. And when they saw it they turned to rocks. But Athena takes the head from Perseus and sets it in her aegis. And he gives the pouch away to Hermes, and the sandals and the cap; and Hermes gives them back to the nymphs. And Pherekydes records it in the second book.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  EGM pp. 142, 303 lower, 305, 309 lower, 310 upper

Pherekydes 3F12 – pp. 62-63

In what comes next, he also says about the death of Akrisios that after the petrification of Polydektes and the people with him by the Gorgon’s head, Perseus leaves Diktys behind in Seriphos to be king of the Seriphians who were left, but he himself went by boat to Argos with the Kyklopes and Danae and Andromeda. And when he comes he doesn’t find Akrisios in Argos because he was afraid of him and retreated to the Pelasgians at Larissa. And since he didn’t catch him, he leaves Danae with her mother Eurydike, and Andromeda and the Kyklopes, but he himself went to Larissa. And when he arrives, he recognizes Akrisios and convinces him to follow with him to Argos. And just when they were about to leave, he happens on a contest of young men at Larissa; and Perseus enters the contest, and takes the discus and throws it; and it wasn’t a pentathlon, but they were contesting each particular one of the contests. And the discus rolls into Akrisios’s foot and wounds him. And Akrisios, getting sick from this, dies there at Larissa, and Perseus and the Larissans bury him in front of the city, and the locals make a hero temple there. And Perseus goes back away from Argos.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)   EGM  pp. 307 lower, 310 upper, 310 lower

Pherekydes 3F16d – p. 65 

Pherekydes says that they are daughters of Zeus and Themis. (Transl. E. Bianchelli) Greek Text  EGM p. 6

Pherekydes 3F18a – p. 66

And Herakles took aim at him with his bow, in order to shoot him, but Helios commanded him to stop, and he in fear did so. (Transl. T. N. Gantz) EGM p. 404 

Pherekydes 3F42 – p. 74

Amaltheia was the daugther of Haimonios, and she had the horn of a bull. This horn, as Pherekydes says, had such power that it furnished plentiful food or drink, whatever one might desire . (Transl. E. Bianchelli)   EGM p. 41

Pherekydes 3F48 – p. 75

Pherekydes says that nine Korybantes were born from Apollo and Rhetia, and that they took up residence in Samothrake. From Kabeiro, daughter of Proteus, and Hephaistos three Kabeiroi and three nymphs called Kabeirides were born, and sacred rites were instituted for each of the triads.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)  EGM p. 77, 148

Pherekydes 3F52 – p. 76

Artemis slew Orion in Delos. They say that this son of Earth was enormous in his body. But Pherekydes says that he was the son of Poseidon and Euryale. (Transl. E. Bianchelli)   EGM p. 63

Pherekydes 3F68 – p. 79

Didymos compares Pherekydes calling her Amphibia daughter of Pelops.  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)   EGM p. 311 upper

Pherekydes 3F95 – p. 86

Pherekydes records Oidipous’s children and wives as follows: “Kreon,” he says, “gives to Oidipous the kingship and Laios’s wife, also Oidipous’s mother, Iokaste, from whom Phrastor and Laonytos are born to him, who are killed by the Minyans and Erginos. And when a year has gone by, Oidipous marries Euryganeia daughter of Periphas, from whom are born to him Antigone and Ismene, whom Tydeus kills over a spring, and the spring is called Ismene after her. And Eteokles and Polyneikes are his sons from her. And when Euryganeia has ended, Oidipous marries Astymedousa daughter of Sthenelos.”  (Transl. Silvio Curtis)  EGM p. 311 upper

Pherekydes 3F114 – pp. 90-91)

SCHOL. MV Hom. Od. o 225:  Melampous the son of Amythaon did many other astonishing things through divination, not least that there arose the most famous contest for a prize; for when the daughters of Proitos, king of the Argives, Lysippe and Iphianassa, sinned against Hera through youthful lack of forethought – for happening upon a temple of the goddess, they scoffed at it by saying that their father’s house was more sumptuous – and when they went mad because of this, Melampous happened to turn up and promised a total cure if he were offered a reward that was great enough to be worthy of the cure.  Already the illness had lasted ten years and brought distress not only on the maidens themselves but also on those around them.  So when Proitos had promised Melampous a share in his kingdom and one of his daughters in marriage, whichever he preferred, Melampous healed the sickness by means of supplication and sacrifices to Hera.  And he took Iphianassa in marriage, reaping the profit of the cures with herself as the bride-price. The story is in Pherekydes. (Transl. Mary Emerson).  EGM p. 312, 313 upper

Hellanikos 4F23 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 113, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

and he [Hellanikos] says that this Iasion/Eetion was stuck by a thunderbolt because he maltreated an  “agalma”  (statue? honor?) of Demeter. (Transl. T. N. Gantz)   EGM p. 64

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