P. 231 (with art)

Scholia A to Homer, Iliad 16.222 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 2, p. 103, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Scholia A to Homer, Iliad 18.57 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 2, p. 150, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Scholia A to Homer, Iliad 18.60– Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 2, p. 150, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Sophokles, Achilleos Erastai fr 151 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta vol. 4, p. 167-68, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1977.

Hesiod, Kerkopos Aigimios fr 300 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 154, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Lykophron, Alexandra 177-79

the Pelasgian Typhon, out of seven sons consumed in the flame alone escaping the fiery ashes.  Greek Text

Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautika 4.869-79

For she ever encompassed the child’s mortal flesh in the night with the flame of fire; and day by day she anointed with ambrosia his tender frame, so that he might become immortal and that she might keep off from his body loathsome old age. But Peleus leapt up from his bed and saw his dear son gasping in the flame; and at the sight he uttered a terrible cry, fool that he was; and she heard it, and catching up the child threw him screaming to the ground, and herself like a breath of wind passed swiftly from the hall as a dream and leapt into the sea, exceeding wroth, and thereafter returned not again.  Greek Text

ApB 3.13.6 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

When Thetis had got a babe by Peleus, she wished to make it immortal, and unknown to Peleus she used to hide it in the fire by night in order to destroy the mortal element which the child inherited from its father, but by day she anointed him with ambrosia. But Peleus watched her, and, seeing the child writhing on the fire, he cried out; and Thetis, thus prevented from accomplishing her purpose, forsook her infant son and departed to the Nereids.  Greek Text

Scholia to Lykophron, Alexandra 178 – Lykophronis Alexandra 2, pp. 88-89, ed. E. Scheer. Berlin 1908.

Greek Text

Statius, Achilleis 134-35

Latin Text and English Translation

Homer, Iliad 18.436-38

A son he gave me to bear and to rear, pre-eminent among warriors, and he shot up like a sapling; then when I had reared him as a tree in a rich orchard plot  Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 24.540

but he begat one only sonGreek Text

Alkaios 42 LP – Poetarum Lesbiorum Fragmenta, p. 131, ed. E. Lobel and D.L. Page. Oxford 1955.

Homer, Iliad 11.830-32

and sprinkle thereon kindly simples of healing power, whereof men say that thou hast learned from Achilles, whom Cheiron taught, the most righteous of the Centaurs.  Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 204.87-89 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 101, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Pindar, Nemean 3.43-49

But golden-haired Achilles, staying in the home of Philyra as a child, played at great deeds, often [45] brandishing in his hands a javelin with a short blade; swift as the wind, he dealt death to wild lions in battle, and he slew wild boars and carried their panting bodies to the Centaur, son of Cronus, first when he was six years old, and afterwards for all the time he spent there.  Greek Text

Pindar, Olympian 2.78

Peleus and Cadmus are counted among them.  Greek Text

Euripides, Andromache 1253-58

As for yourself, in order that you may feel gratitude for your marriage to me, [1255] I shall set you free from mortal woe and make you a god, deathless and exempt from decay. And then you shall dwell with me in the house of Nereus, god with goddess, for all time to come.  Greek Text

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.

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