Hades, Tartaros, Elysion (page 129)

Chapter 3: Olympos, the Underworld, and Minor Divinities

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Hesiod, Theogony 734-43

There Gyes and Cottus and great-souled Obriareus live, trusty warders of Zeus who holds the aegis. And there, all in their order, are the sources and ends of gloomy earth and misty Tartarus and the unfruitful sea and starry heaven, loathsome and dank, which even the gods abhor. It is a great gulf, and if once a man were within the gates, he would not reach the floor until a whole year had reached its end, but cruel blast upon blast would carry him this way and that. And this marvel is awful even to the deathless gods.  Greek Text

Homeric Hymn to Apollo 3.335-36

Hear now, I pray, Earth and wide Heaven above and you Titan gods who dwell beneath the earth about great Tartarus  Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai fr  (The Catalogue of Women) fr 54 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 36, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Homeric Hymn to Hermes 4.256-59

For I will take and cast you into dusky Tartarus and awful hopeless darkness, and neither your mother nor your father shall free you or bring you up again to the light, but you will wander under the earth and be the leader amongst little folk.  Greek Text

Nostoi fr 4 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 96, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pausanias 9.5.8-9

It is also said that Amphion is punished in Hades for being among those who made a mock of Leto and her children. The punishment of Amphion is dealt with in the epic poem Minyad, which treats both of Amphion and also of Thamyris of Thrace. The houses of both Amphion and Zethus were visited by bereavement; Amphion‘s was left desolate by plague, and the son of Zethus was killed through some mistake or other of his mother.  Greek Text

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Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2021

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