Gaia and Pontos (page 27 upper, with art)

Chapter 1: The Early Gods

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Sophokles, Rhizotomoi fr 535 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta vol. 4, p. 411, ed. S.L. Radt. Göttingen 1977.

CHORUS. Lord Helios and holy fire, 

warlike weapon of the Wayside Hekate

which she bears throughout Olympus as she ministers,

and as she travels the holy crossways of the earth,

garlanded with oakleaves and with

tangled coils of fierce serpents  (Transl. Mary Emerson)

Euripides, Helen 569-70

O torch-bearing Hekate, send visions that are favorable!

You see in me no specter of the night, attendant on the queen of phantoms. Greek Text

Stesichoros 215 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 115, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Aischylos, Hiketides (Suppliants) 676

and that Artemis-Hecate watch over the childbirth of their women. Greek text

Euripides, Phoinissai 109-10

O Lady Hecate, child of Leto! Greek Text

Simonides 573 PMG – Poetae Melici Graeci, p. 295, ed. D. L. Page. Oxford 1962.

Euripides, Medeia 395-97

By the goddess I worship most of all, my chosen helper Hecate,2 who dwells in the inner chamber of my house. Greek Text

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 28.57.23: Attic red-figure bell krater by Persephone Painter with Persephone, Hermes, Hekate and Demeter

 Metropolitan Museum

Drawing by J.D. Beazley from Beazley Archive Pottery Database

♦♠ Statue by Alkamenes on Athenian Acropolis showing triple-bodied Hekate (Pausanias 2.30.2):

It was Alcamenes, in my opinion, who first made three images of Hecate attached to one another, a figure called by the Athenians Epipurgidia (on the Tower); it stands beside the temple of the Wingless Victory. Greek Text.

Berlin, Pergamonmuseum: triple-bodied Hekate from east frieze of Great Altar of Zeus and Athena, Pergamon

Wikimedia Photo

Pergamon Museum, 3d model (for position of Hekate, click on “Der Ostfries,” then “Hekate”)

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Artisitc sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, January 2018

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, July 2020

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