But the daughter of Cadmus, Ino of the fair ankles, saw him, even Leucothea, who of old was a mortal of human speech. Greek Text
Hesiod, Ehoiai fr 68 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 43, ed. Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.
Hesiod, Ehoiai fr 70.6-7 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 43-45, ed. Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.
ApB 1.9.2 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
and he [Athamas] married Themisto, daughter of Hypseus, and begat Leucon, Erythrius, Schoeneus, and Ptous. Greek Text
Even before this Andreus took to wife from Athamas Euippe, daughter of Leucon, and had a son, Eteocles. According to the report of the citizens, Eteocles was the son of the river Cephisus, wherefore some of the poets in their verses called him Cephisiades. Greek Text
PSI 1383 – Papyrus fragments published in the Papiri Greci e Latini series (Pubblicazioni della Società italiana, Florence 1912- )
Pherekydes 3F98 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 87, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
Pherekydes 3F99 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 87, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
Pindar, Pythian 4.159-62
For Phrixus asks us to bring his soul home, going to the halls of Aeetes, and to recover the deep-fleeced hide of the ram, on which he was once saved from the sea and from the impious weapons of his stepmother. Greek Text
Σ Pythian 4.288a – Scholia vetera in Pindari carmina, Vol. 2, pp. 136-37, ed. A.B Drachman. Leipzig 1910.
Pindar fr 49 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 13, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.
Damodika, stepmother of Phrixus (Translation by E. Bianchelli)
Hyginus, De Astronomia 2.20 – Hygini Astronomica, ex codicibus a se primum collatis, pp. 59-62, ed. B. Bunte. Leipzig 1875.
Hippias 6F11 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 158, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
Hyginus, Fabulae 4
INO OF EURIPIDES: When Athamas, king in Thessaly, thought that his wife Ino, by whom he begat two sons, had perished, he married Themisto, the daughter of a nymph, and had twin sons by her. Later he discovered that Ino was on Parnassus, where she had gone for the Bacchic revels. He sent someone to bring her home, and concealed her when she came. Themisto discovered she had been found, but didn’t know her identity. She conceived the desire of killing Ino’s sons, and made Ino herself, whom she believed to be a captive, a confidant in the plan, telling her to cover her children with white garments, but Ino’s with black. Ino covered her own with white, and Themisto’s with dark; then Themisto mistakenly slew her own sons. When she discovered this, she killed herself. Moreover, Athamas, while hunting, in a fit of madness killed his older son Learchus; but Ino with the younger, Melicertes, cast herself into the sea and was made a goddess. Latin Text
Euripides, Medea 1282-89
One woman, only one, of all that have been, have I heard of who put her hand to her own children: Ino driven mad by the gods when Hera sent her forth to wander in madness from the house. The unhappy woman fell into the sea, impiously murdering her children. Stepping over the sea’s edge, she perished with her two children. Greek text
Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, May 2020
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