Labor X: The Cattle of Geryoneus (page 405, with art)

Chapter 13: Herakles

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Athens, National Archaeological Museum 513: Attic black-figure lekythos with Herakles and Helios; Herakles in lionskin holds club in left hand and gestures in surprise with his right hand; Helios, with radiate disc over his head, rises from the sea in his chariot with two winged horses 

J. Savignoni, “On Representations of Helios and Selene,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 19 (1899), pl. 9

C.H.E. Haspels, Attic Black-Figured Lekythoi (1936) pl. 17.1

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 41.162.29: Attic black-figure, white-ground lekythos by Sappho Painter with  Herakles and Helios

Decoration of whole lekythos

Herakles roasting meat over altar

Nyx in chariot over Okeanos?

Helios with radiate disc over head, rising up in his chariot

Eos in chariot over Okeanos? 

Images from Metropolitan Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Musuem G100: Attic black-figure lekythos with Herakles and Helios; on the left, Herakles in lionskin rushes forward threateningly, holding a bow and club; in middle, Helios with solar disc over his head rises from sea in a chariot with winged horses; on the right is a helmeted Athena

Fitzwilliam Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Taranto, Museo Nazionale Archeologico 7029: Attic black-figure skyphos by the Theseus Painter with Herakles and Helios; on Side A, Helios, with solar disc on his head, rises out of sea in chariot with winged horses; two arrows protrude from him or his horses; Herakles climbs up rock, with bow in his left hand, departing from scene; on Side B, Helios is depicted in the same way;
Herakles, in lionskin and holding club, sits on a rock and converses with Helios  

Taranto Herakles3.asp

Side A

Taranti Herakles

Side B

Images from Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: R. Museo Nazionale di Taranto 2 (1925), pl. 16 (you can link to this reference through the entry for this vase in the Beazley Archive Pottery Database [see below])

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Vatican City, Musei Vaticani 16563: Attic red-figure cup in the manner of Douris, with Herakles with bow and club, wearing lionskin as he rides over waves in the cup of Helios.


Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Boston, Museum of FineArts 03.783: Attic black-figure olpe by Leagros Group with Herakles in the cup of Helios; Herakles in lionskin sits on top of Helios’ cup while riding over waves; his left arm is raised and he hods his club in lowered right hand


Boston MFA

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Panyasis fr 9 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, pp. 176-77, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pherekydes 3F16a – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 65, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 233-36

And Sea begat Nereus, the eldest of his children, who is true and lies not: and men call him the Old Man because he is trusty and gentle and does not forget the laws of righteousness, but thinks just and kindly thoughts. Greek Text

Paris, Musee de Louvre CA823:  Attic black-figure olpe, Manner of the Gorgon Painter, with Herakles wrestling Nereus; Herakles is armed with his quiver, bow and sword; he looks back at fish tail of Nereus, from which emerge a snake and lion

Wikimedia photo

E. Pottier, “Nouvelles acquisitions du Louvre (1897), Département de la céramique antique,” Revue Archéologique 1899-01, 8 figs. 4-5

Perseus Art and Art and Archaeology Artifact Browser

Beazley Archive Pottery Database (no image)

Digital LIMC (no image)

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#Herakles, #Helios, #Nyx, #Eos, #Okeanos, #Athena, #Nereus

Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, December 2023

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2021

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