P. 199 (with art)

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 123 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 60, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Bakchylides, Dithyrambs 19.18

the rose-fingered daughter of Inachus  Greek Text

Aischylos, Prometheus Desmotes (Prometheus Bound) 589-90

How can I fail to hear the maiden frenzied by the gadfly, the [590] daughter of InachusGreek Text

Aischylos, Prometheus Desmotes (Prometheus Bound) 663

Then at last there came an unmistakable utterance to Inachus, charging and commanding him clearly that [665] he must thrust me forth from home and native land to roam at large to the remotest confines of the earth.  Greek Text

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.3

But the annalist Castor and many of the tragedians allege that Io was a daughter of Inachus; and Hesiod and Acusilaus say that she was a daughter of Piren. Zeus seduced her while she held the priesthood of Hera, but being detected by Hera he by a touch turned Io into a white cow and swore that he had not known her; wherefore Hesiod remarks that lover’s oaths do not draw down the anger of the gods.  Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 124 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 60, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) fr 126 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 61, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library) 2.1.3

But Hera requested the cow from Zeus for herself and set Argus the All-seeing to guard it. Pherecydes says that this Argus was a son of Arestor; but Asclepiades says that he was a son of Inachus, and Cercops says that he was a son of Argus and Ismene, daughter of Asopus; but Acusilaus says that he was earth-born. He tethered her to the olive tree which was in the grove of the Mycenaeans. But Zeus ordered Hermes to steal the cow, and as Hermes could not do it secretly because Hierax had blabbed, he killed Argus by the cast of a stone; whence he was called Argiphontes. Hera next sent a gadfly to infest the cow, and the animal came first to what is called after her the Ionian gulf. Then she journeyed through Illyria and having traversed Mount Haemus she crossed what was then called the Thracian Straits but is now called after her the Bosphorus. And having gone away to Scythia and the Cimmerian land she wandered over great tracts of land and swam wide stretches of sea both in Europe and Asia until at last she came to Egypt, where she recovered her original form and gave birth to a son Epaphus beside the river NileGreek Text

Pausanias, Description of Greece 3.18.13

Hera is gazing at Io, the daughter of Inachus, who is already a cow  Greek Text

The Throne of Amyklai, retored drawing based on Pausanias.


Munich,  Antikensammlung, 585.  Ionian amphora.  Hermes, Io, Argos.


London British Museum, B164.   Attic ampohra, painter near Exekias.  Hermes, Io Argos.

British Museum Collection on line

Hesiod fr 294 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 151-52, ed.  Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

Hesiod fr 296 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 153, ed.  Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2024.

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