♠ Panyasis fr 27 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 185, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.
♠ Euripides, Hippolytos 1420-22
That mortal of hers that she loves the most I shall punish with these ineluctable arrows shot from my hand. Greek Text
♠ Theokritos 3.46-48
When Adonis o’er the sheep in the hills his watch did keep,
The Love-Dame proved so wild a wooers, e’en in death she clips him to her. Greek Text
♠ Sappho 140 LP – Poetarum Lesbiorum Fragmenta, p. 95, ed. E. Lobel and D. L. Page. Oxford 1955
♦ London, British Museum E699: Attic red-figure squat lekythos, Aphrodite and Adonis
♦ Florence, Museo Archeologico 81948: Attic red-figure hydria, Aphrodite and Adonis
G. Nicole, Meidias et le style fleuri dans la céramique attique (1908), pl. 3.2
♠ Euboulos, Astutoi in Athenaios 2.69c-d – Athenaei Naucratitae Dipnosophistarum xv, vol. 1, p. 153, ed. G. Kaibel. Leipzig 1887.
♠ Bion, Lament for Adonis
♠ Ovid, Metamorphoses 10.503-739
The guilt-begotten child had growth while wood
was growing, and endeavored now to find
a way of safe birth. The tree-trunk was swelling
and tightened against Myrrha, who, unable
to express her torture, could not call upon
Lucina in the usual words of travail.
But then just like a woman in great pain,
the tree bends down and, while it groans, bedews
itself with falling tears. Lucina stood
in pity near the groaning branches, laid
her hands on them, and uttered charms to aid
the hindered birth. The tree cracked open then,
the bark was rent asunder, and it gave forth
its living weight, a wailing baby-boy.
The Naiads laid him on soft leaves, and they
anointed him with his own mother’s tears.
Even Envy would not fail to praise the child,
as beautiful as naked cupids seen
in chosen paintings. Only give to him
a polished quiver, or take theirs from them,
and no keen eye could choose him from their midst. Continue Reading. Latin Text
♠ ApB 3.14.4 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
Ten months afterwards the tree burst and Adonis, as he is called, was born, whom for the sake of his beauty, while he was still an infant, Aphrodite hid in a chest unknown to the gods and entrusted to Persephone. But when Persephone beheld him, she would not give him back. The case being tried before Zeus, the year was divided into three parts, and the god ordained that Adonis should stay by himself for one part of the year, with Persephone for one part, and with Aphrodite for the remainder. However Adonis made over to Aphrodite his own share in addition; but afterwards in hunting he was gored and killed by a boar. Greek Text
♠ Hyginus, De Astronomia 2.7.3
Some also have said that Venus and Proserpina came to Jove for his decision, asking him to which of them he would grant Adonis. Calliope, the judge appointed by Jove, decided that each should posses him half of the year. But Venus, angry because she had not been granted what she thought was her right, stirred the women in Thrace by love, each to seek Orpheus for herself, so that they tore him limb from limb. Latin Text
♠ Scholia bT to Homer, Iliad 5.385 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem 3, pp. 48-49, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.
♠ Scholia to Vergil, Eclogues 10.1 – Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii Bucolica et Georgica Commentarii, pp. 121-22, ed. G. Thilo. Leipzig 1881.
♠ Scholia to Vergil, Aeneid 5.72 – Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii Carmina commentarii: Aeneis, ed. G. Thilo and H. Hagen, vol. 1, pp. 559-600. Leipzig 1898
♠ Hesiod, Theogony 987-91
And to Cephalus she bore a splendid son, strong Phaethon, a man like the gods, whom, when he was a young boy in the tender flower of glorious youth with childish thoughts, laughter-loving Aphrodite seized and caught up and made a keeper of her shrine by night, a divine spirit. Greek Text
♠ Palaphaitos 48 – Mythographi Graeci 2, p. 69, ed. N. Festa. Leipzig 1902.
♠ Aelianus, Varia Historia 12.15 – Claudii Aeleani Varia Historia, ed. M. R. Dilts. Leipzig 1974
♠ Scholia to Vergil, Aeneid 3.279 – Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii Carmina commentarii: Aeneis, ed G Thilo and H Hagen, 1, pp. 390-91. Leipzig 1898
♦ Bologna, Museo Civico Archeologico 288bis: Attic red-figure calyx krater by Group of Polygnotos, Phaon and Aphrodite
G. Pellegrini, Catalogo dei vasi greci dipinti delle necropoli felsinee descritti (1912), illust. p. 134
♦ Florence, Museo Archeologico 81947: Attic red-figure hydria with Phaon with lyre and Demonassa, Aphrodite in chariot above, and other female characters
G. Nicole, Meidias et le style fleuri dans la céramique attique (1908), pl. 3.1
Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, June 2019.
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2021
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