The Aiolidai: Athamas (page 180 upper, with art)

Chapter 5: The Line of Deukalion

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Palaiphatos 30Mythographi Graeci 2, p. 41-44, ed. N. Festa. Leipzig 1902.

About Phrixus, they tell how the ram forewarned him that their father was going to sacrifice them. He took his sister and mounted it with her, and they came through the sea to the Euxine Pontus, crossing the whole thing in three or four days. This is hard to believe, that a ram would navigate faster than a ship, while carrying two people plus food and drink for him and them (for they could not have gone without food for so long). Then Phrixus slaughtered the ram, which had showed them their salvation and rescued them, flayed it, and gave the skin to Aetes as the bride-price of his daughter (Aetes was then ruling over those places).  Greek Text

A Scholia at Iliad 7.86 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem I, pp. 253-54, ed. W. Dindorf and E. Maass. Oxford 1875.

Greek Text

Scholia at Theogony 993a – Scholia vetera in Hesiodi Theogoniam, ed. L. Di Gregorio. Milan 1975.

Metope fragment from Sicyonian Treasury (also known as the monopteros) at Delphi, Delphi Museum: Phrixos riding on ram

L.D. Caskey, “The Metopes of the Sicyonian Treasury at Delphi,” American Journal of Archaeology vol. 29.1 (1925), 18 fig. 1

T. Homolle, “Les metopes du trésor de Sicyone,” Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 20 (1896), 660 fig. 1

Naples, Museo Nazionale Stg 270: Attic red-figure neck-amphora with Ino and Phrixos and ram

Hellenica World

Annali dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica  vol. 39 (1867), pl. C

Drawing of Phrixos by J.D. Beazley, from Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Naples, Museo Nazionale H3412 (82411): Paestan red-figure calyx krater by Assteas, with Phrixos and Helle riding on ram, surrounded by Nephele (upper left), Dionysos on panther and bust of Silenos (upper right), marine monster (lower right), Skylla (lower center) and Triton (lower left)

J.R. Bacon, Voyage of the Argonauts (1925), fig. I opp. p. 12

Digital LIMC

Münster, Archaeological Museum of the University of Münster 673: Apulian red-figure dish with Phrixos on ram and part of Helle on the left, who is falling off

Archaeological Museum of the University of Münster, Inv. 673, photo by R. Dylka

Pausanias 9.34.9

Even before this Andreus took to wife from Athamas Euippe, daughter of Leucon, and had a son, Eteocles. Greek Text

Hesiod, Ehoiai (The Catalogue of Women) fr 70 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 43-45, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

1.9.2– Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

So Athamas settled in that country and named it Athamantia after himself; and he married Themisto, daughter of Hypseus, and begat Leucon, Erythrius, Schoeneus, and Ptous. Greek Text

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#Dionysos, #Helle, #Ino, #Nephele, #Phrixos, #ram, #Silenos, #Skylla, #Triton

Edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, January 2020

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, June 2020


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