The Daughters of Atlas (page 218)

Chapter 6: Other Early Families

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Il 18.486 – Homer, Iliad

the Pleiades, and the Hyades and the mighty Orion  Greek Text

W&D 615 – Hesiod, Works and Days

the Pleiades and Hyades and strong Orion  Greek Text

Hesiod, Astronomia fr 291 MW – Fragmenta Hesiodea, p. 149, ed.  Merkelbach and M.L. West. Oxford 1967.

Mousaios 2B18 – Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 1, pp. 25-26, ed. H Diels and W. Kranz. 6th ed. Berlin 1951.

Greek Text

Pherekydes FGrH 3F90 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1pp. 84-85, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

♠ Scholia at Aratos, Phainomena 172 – Scholia in Aratum vetera, ed J. Martin. Stuttgart 1974.

Euripides, Erechtheus fr 357 N² – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, p. 466, ed. A. Nauck, 2nd ed. Leipzig 1889.

Greek Text

♠ Euripides, fr 65.68-74 Aus – Recently discovered fragments of Euripides, cited according to Austin 1968.

Dem 60.27 – Demosthenes, Funeral Speech

All the Erechtheidae were well aware that Erechtheus, from whom they have their name, for the salvation of this land gave his own daughters, whom they call Hyacinthides, to certain death, and so extinguished his raceGreek Text

Astr 2.21.2 – Hyginus, De Astronomia

The Pleiades were so named, according to Musaeaus, because fifteen daughters were born to Atlas and Aethra, daughter of Ocean. Five of them are called Hyades, he shows, because their brother was Hyas, a youth dearly beloved by his sisters. When he was killed in a lion hunt, the five we have mentioned, given over to continual lamentation, are said to have perished. Because they grieved exceedingly at his death, they are called Hyades.  Latin Text

Ovid, Fasti 5.165-82

The head of the Bull sparkles radiant with seven flames, which the Grecian sailor calls the Hyades after the word for rain (hyein). Some think that they nursed Bacchus; some believe that they are the granddaughters of Tethys and old Ocean. Not yet did Atlas stand bearing the burden of Olympus upon his shoulders when Hyas was born, of loveliness far-seen; to him and to the nymphs did Aethra, of the stock of Ocean, give birth in due time, but Hyas was the elder. While the down was fresh upon his cheeks, he was the terror of the bucks that shied at his snares, and he was glad to bag a hare. But when with his years his manly spirit grew, he dared to close with boars and shaggy lioness, and while he sought out the lair and the whelps of a lioness with young, he himself fell a blood-stained prey to the Libyan brute. For Hyas his mother wept, and for Hyas his sad sisters, and Atlas, soon to bow his neck to the burden of the pole, yet the love of the sisters exceeded that of both parents: it won for them a place in the sky, but Hyas gave them their name (of Hyades).  Latin Text

Astr 2.21.3 – Hyginus, De Astronomia

Alexander says they were called Hyades because they were daughters of Hyas and Boeotia, Pleiades, because born of Pleio, daughter of Ocean, and Atlas.  Latin Text

Fab 192 – Hyginus, Fabulae

Atlas by Pleione or an Oceanid had twelve daughters, and a son, Hyas. The son was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and the sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief. The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of the bull — Phaesyla, Ambrosia, Coronis, Eudora, Polyxo — and are called, from their brother’s name, Hyades. In Latin they are called Suculae. Some say that since they are arranged in the form of the letter Upsilon they are called Hyades; some, they are so called because they bring rain when they rise, for “to rain” is hyein in Greek. There are those who think they are among the stars because they were the nurses of Father Liber whom Lycurgus drove out from the island Naxos. The rest of the sisters, later dying from grief, were made stars, and because they were many, were called Pleiades.  Latin Text

Aischylos, Trophoi fr 246a R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 350, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

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Edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2024.

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