Rome, Villa Giulia 20760: Attic red-figure cup by Skythes, Theseus and the Sow of Krommyon
Pl. 6 from G.M. Rizzo, “Il ceramografo Skythes,” Monuments et mémoires de la Fondation Eugène Piot vol. 20.1, 1913
London, British Museum E48: Attic red-figure cup by Douris with Theseus and Sow of Krommyon
Madrid, National Archeological Museum 11265: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and the Sow of Kommyon
G. Leroux, Vases grecs et italo-grecs du Musée Archéologique de Madrid (1912), pl. 28
London, British Museum E36: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and the Sow of Kommyon (on right)
C.H. Smith, Catalogue of the Greek and Etruscan Vases in the British Museum, vol. 3 (1896), pl. 2
Florence, Museo Archeologico 91456: Attic red-figure cup with Theseus and Skiron.
Athens, National Museum Akr 1280: Attic black-figure skyphos? fragments with Theseus and Skiron
B. Graef and E. Langlotz, Die antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen, vol. 1 (1925) pl. 73b
London, British Museum E 48: Attic red-figure cup by Douris with Theseus and Skiron
Berlin, Antikensammlung (formerly Schloss Charlottenburg) F2288: Attic red-figure cup by Douris with Theseus and Skiron
E. Buschor, “Neue Duris-Gefässe,” Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archälogischen Instituts, vol. 31 (1916), pl. 4
Paris, Musee de Louvre G104: Attic red-figure cup by Onesimos with Theseus and Skiron
London, British Museum E84: Attic red-figure cup by the Codrus Painter, Theseus and Skiron with other exploits
Detail of Theseus and Skiron from interior, C. Smith, “Kylix with Exploits of Theseus,” Journal of Hellenic Studies vol. 2 (1881), pl. 10
British Museum (exterior)
Apollodorus Epitome 1.1:
Third, he slew at Crommyon the sow that was called Phaea after the old woman who bred it; that sow, some say, was the offspring of Echidna and Typhon (original Greek).
Plutarch Theseus 9.1:
Now the Crommyonian sow, which they called Phaea, was no insignificant creature, but fierce and hard to master. This sow he went out of his way to encounter and slay, that he might not be thought to perform all his exploits under compulsion, and at the same time because he thought that while the brave man ought to attack villainous men only in self defence, he should seek occasion to risk his life in battle with the nobler beasts. However, some say that Phaea was a female robber, a woman of murderous and unbridled spirit, who dwelt in Crommyon, was called Sow because of her life and manners, and was afterwards slain by Theseus (original Greek).
Hyginus Fabula 38:
He slew Corynetes, son of Neptune, by force of arms.
He killed Pityocamptes, who forced travellers to help him bend a pine tree to the ground. When they had taken hold of it with him, he let it rebound suddenly with force. Thus they were dashed violently to the ground and died.
He killed Procrustes, son of Neptune. When a guest came to visit him, if he was rather tall, he brought a shorter bed, and cut off the rest of his body; if rather short, he gave him a longer bed, and by hanging anvils to him stretched him to match the length of the bed.
Sciron used to sit near the sea at a certain point, and compel those who passed by to wash his feet; then he kicked them into the sea. Theseus cast him into the sea by a similar death, and from this the rocks are called those of Sciron.
He killed by force of arms Cercyon, son of Vulcan.
He killed the boar which was at Cremyon.
He killed the bull at Marathon, which Hercules had brought to Eurystheus from Crete.
He killed the Minotaur in the town of Cnossus (original Latin).
Plutarch Theseus 10.1:
He also slew Sciron on the borders of Megara, by hurling him down the cliffs. Sciron robbed the passers by, according to the prevalent tradition; but as some say, he would insolently and wantonly thrust out his feet to strangers and bid them wash them, and then, while they were washing them, kick them off into the sea (original Greek).
Apollodorus Epitome 1.2-3:
Fourth, he slew Sciron, the Corinthian, son of Pelops, or, as some say, of Poseidon. He in the Megarian territory held the rocks called after him Scironian, and compelled passers-by to wash his feet, and in the act of washing he kicked them into the deep to be the prey of a huge turtle. But Theseus seized him by the feet and threw him into the sea.1 Fifth, in Eleusis he slew Cercyon, son of Branchus and a nymph Argiope. This Cercyon compelled passers-by to wrestle, and in wrestling killed them. But Theseus lifted him up on high and dashed him to the ground (original Greek).
Pausanias Graeciae Descriptio 1.44.8:
Then it was that she fled to the sea and cast herself and her son from the Molurian Rock. The son, they say, was landed on the Corinthian Isthmus by a dolphin, and honors were offered to Melicertes, then renamed Palaemon, including the celebration of the Isthmian games. The Molurian dock they thought sacred to Leucothea and Palaemon; but those after it they consider accursed, in that Sciron, who dwelt by them, used to cast into the sea all the strangers he met. A tortoise used to swim under the rocks to seize those that fell in. Sea tortoises are like land tortoises except in size and for their feet, which are like those of seals. Retribution for these deeds overtook Sciron, for he was cast into the same sea by Theseus. (Original Greek)
Pausanias Graeciae Descriptio 1.3.1:
The district of the Cerameicus has its name from the hero Ceramus, he too being the reputed son of Dionysus and Ariadne. First on the right is what is called the Royal Portico, where sits the king when holding the yearly office called the kingship. On the tiling of this portico are images of baked earthenware, Theseus throwing Sciron into the sea and Day carrying away Cephalus, who they say was very beautiful and was ravished by Day, who was in love with him. His son was Phaethon,<afterwards ravished by Aphrodite>. . . and made a guardian of her temple. Such is the tale told by Hesiod, among others, in his poem on women (original Greek).
He has closed the wrestling school of Cercyon; Procoptes has met a better man and dropped the powerful hammer of Polypemon (original Greek).
Edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., July 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, November 2016. Patrick Dix, Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Georgia Classics department, November 2017.
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