Gaia and Pontos (page 24, with art)

Chapter 1: The Early

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Munich, Antikensammlungen 2243: Attic black-figure band cup by Archikles and Glaukytes with sphinxes (identified by inscription)

E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts (Band 3, 1847), detail from pls. 235-6

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Perseus Art and Archaeology Artifact Browser

Athens, National Museum 2870: metope fragment from Mycenae with two sphinxes? and male body

Detail of photo from flickr

Perseus Art and Archaeology Artifact Browser

Syracuse, Museo Archeologico 25418: Attic black-figure Siana cup by C Painter, with Sphinx pursuing youths

P. Orsi, “Nuove antichità di Gela,” Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei <Rom>, Monumenti antichi 19 (1908), 99-100 fig. 8

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Paris, Cabinet des Médailles 278: Attic black-figure lekythos with Sphinx pursuing youth

A. de Ridder, Catalogue des vases peints de la Bibliotheque Nationale (1902) 187, fig.29

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Athens, National Museum 397: Attic black-figure lekythos with Sphinx carrying off youth

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Syracuse, Museo Archeologico 12085: Attic black-figure, white-ground lekythos with Sphinx and captured youth

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Stuttgart, Landesmuseum Württemberg Arch. 65/15: Chalkidian black-figure amphora with Oidipous and Sphinx

Landesmuseum Württemberg Arch. 65/15


Vatican City, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco 16541 (H569): Attic red-figure cup with Oidipous and Sphinx

Wikimedia Photo

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Museo Gregoriano Etrusco

Aischylos fr 236 R – Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 3, p. 343, ed. S. L. Radt. Göttingen 1985.

the Sphinx, the dog lord of the unlucky days (Transl. by E. Bianchelli)

Sophokles, Oidipous Tyrannos 391

Why, when the watchful dog who wove dark song was here Greek Text

Palaphaitos 4 Mythographi Graeci 2, pp. 10-12, ed. N. Festa. Leipzig 1902

About the Cadmeian Sphinx it is said that there was a beast with the body of a dog, the head and face of a girl, the wings of a bird, and a human voice.  Greek Text

Hesiod, Theogony 328-32

and the Nemean lion, which Hera, the good wife of Zeus, brought up and made to haunt the hills of Nemea, a plague to men. There he preyed upon the tribes of her own people and had power over Tretus of Nemea and Apesas: yet the strength of stout Heracles overcame him. Greek Text

Bakchylides 9.6-9

where white-armed Hera reared the sheep-slaughtering, deep-voiced lion, the first of Heracles’ far-famed labors. Greek Text

Bakchylides 13.46-54

look how the descendant of Perseus brings his hand down heavily on the neck of the bloodthirsty lion with every type of skill! For the gleaming, man-subduing bronze refuses to pierce the lion’s fearsome body; the sword was bent back. Greek Text

Pindar, Isthmean 6.47-48

May he have a body as invulnerable as this skin that is now wrapped around me, from the beast whom I killed that day in Nemea as the very first of my labors. Greek Text

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#Nemean+Lion, #Sphinx

Artistic sources edited by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, December 2017

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, University of Georgia, July 2020

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