Eurytos, Iphitos, and Iole (page 436, with art)

Chapter 13: Herakles

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Athens, Acropolis Museum 288.   Attic cup fragment.  Herakles, Eurytos and sons.

Palermo, Museo Nazional Archeologico “A. Salinas.”  Attic cup fragment.  Herakles, Eurytos and sons.

Panyasis fr 16 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, pp. 179-80, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Panyasis fr 17 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 181, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pherekydes 3F82 FGrH Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1pp. 82-83, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Hes fr 229 MW – Hesiod, Ehoiai (Catalogue of Women) – Fragmenta Hesiodea, pp. 112-14, ed. R. Merkelbach and M. L. West. Oxford 1967.

Bak 16.25-29 – Bakchylides, Dithyrambs

Then a god, useless to fight against, wove for Deianeira, to her great sorrow, [25] a clever scheme, when she heard the bitter news that the son of Zeus, fearless in battle, was sending white-armed Iole to his splendid house to be his bride.  Greek Text

Tr 248-80 – Sophokles, Trachiniai

No. The greater part of the time he was detained in Lydia, no free man, as he declares, [250] but sold into servitude. No offense should be taken at my tale, lady, when the deed is found to be Zeus’ work. He passed a whole year, as he himself says, a bought slave to the barbarian Omphale. And so stung was he by the shame of it, [255] that he bound himself by a solemn oath, swearing one day to enslave with wife and child the man who had brought that suffering upon him. And not in vain did he speak the oath; but, when he had been purified, he gathered a mercenary army and went against the city [260] of Eurytus. For, Heracles asserted, that man alone of mortals had a share in causing his suffering. For when Heracles, a guest-friend of long standing, came to his house and hearth, Eurytus roared against him with insults of ruinous intent, [265] saying that, although Heracles had inevitable shafts in his hands, he fell short of his own sons in the contest of the bow. Next he shouted that Heracles was a freeman’s slave, a broken hulk, and then at a banquet, when his guest was full of wine, he tossed him from his home. Furious at this treatment, [270] when afterward Iphitus came to the hill of Tiryns on the track of horses that had strayed, Heracles seized a moment when the man’s eyes were one place and his thoughts another, and hurled him from a towering summit. But in anger at that deed, the king, [275] the father of all, Olympian Zeus, sent him away to be sold, and did not tolerate that this once, he killed a man by guile.  Greek Text

Tr 476-78 – Sophokles, Trachiniai

That terrible longing for the girl long ago shot through Heracles, and for her sake the desolate Oechalia, her father’s land, was leveled by his spear.  Greek Text

Herodoros 31F37 FGrHDie Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1p. 223, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

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Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, September, 2017.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, November 2023.

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