The Abduction of Antiope (page 283)

Chapter 9: Theseus’ Later Exploits

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 12. Panath 193 – Isokrates, Panathenaicus

For our country was invaded by the Thracians, led by Eumolpus, son of Poseidon, who disputed the possession of Athens with Erechtheus, alleging, that Poseidon had appropriated the city before Athena; also by the Scythians, led by the Amazons, the offspring of Ares, who made the expedition to recover Hippolyte, since she had not only broken the laws which were established among them, but had become enamored of Theseus and followed him from her home to Athens and there lived with him as his consort.  Greek Text

Fab 30 – Hyginus, Fabulae

He [Herakles] slew Hippolyte, daughter of Mars and Queen Otrera, and took from her the belt of the Amazon Queen; then he presented Antiopa as captive to Theseus. The triple-bodied Geryon, son of Chrysaor, he killed with a single weapon. The huge dragon, Typhon’s son, which used to guard the golden apples of the Hesperides, he killed near Mount Atlas, and brought the apples to King Eurystheus. He brought from the Lower World for the king to see, the dog Cerberus, offspring of Typhon. Latin Text

Hkld 215-17 – Euripides, Heracleidae

It is my claim [215] that as right-hand man to Heracles I once sailed with Theseus to fetch the girdle, cause of many deaths, <belonging to Hippolyta. Heracles gave him as his reward the fair Antiope>   Greek Text

Thes 28.2 – Plutarch, Theseus

Theseus did, indeed, marry Phaedra, but this was after the death of Antiope, and he had a son by Antiope, Hippolytus, or, as Pindar says, Demophoon.  Greek Text

DS 4.28.1 – Diodoros Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica

While Herakles concerned himself with this, they say the remaining Amazons mustered in mass around the Thermodon River and hastened against the Greeks to avenge the things Herakles had accomplished after waging war. They contended adversely with the Athenians in particular because Theseus had enslaved Antiope (or, as some say, Hippolyte), the commander of the Amazons. (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey).  Greek Text

Paus 1.2.1 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

On entering the city there is a monument to Antiope the Amazon.  Greek Text

Fab 30 – Hyginus, Fabulae

then he[Herakles] presented Antiopa as captive to Theseus. Latin Text

Fab 241 – Hyginus, Fabulae

Theseus, son of Aegeus, killed Antiopa, the Amazon, daughter Mars, because of an oracle of Apollo.  Latin Text


See: ApE 1.16 – Apollodoros, Epitome

but Simonides calls her Hippolyte.  Greek Text

Isokrates 12.Panathenauticus 193

also by the Scythians, led by the Amazons, the offspring of Ares, who made the expedition to recover Hippolyte  Greek Text

Paus 1.41.7 – Pausanias, Description of Greece

Near the shrine of the hero Pandion is the tomb of Hippolyte. I will record the account the Megarians give of her. When the Amazons, having marched against the Athenians because of Antiope, were over come by Theseus, most of them met their death in the fight, but Hippolyte, the sister of Antiope and on this occasion the leader of the women, escaped with a few others to Megara. Having suffered such a military disaster, being in despair at her present situation and even more hopeless of reaching her home in Themiscyra, she died of a broken heart, and the Megarians gave her burial. The shape of her tomb is like an Amazonian shield.  Greek Text

ApE 1.16 – Apollodoros, Epitome

Theseus joined Hercules in his expedition against the Amazons and carried off Antiope, or, as some say, Melanippe.  Greek Text

Leskhes, Ilias Mikra (Little Iliad) fr 20 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 80, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Pausanias 10.25.8Lescheos says of Aethra that, when Troy was taken, she came stealthily to the Greek camp. She was recognized by the sons of Theseus, and Demophon asked for her from Agamemnon.  Greek Text

Iliou Persis (Ilii Excidium), Argumentum PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 89, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

Demophon and Akamas, having found Aithra, take her with them.  (Transl. E. Bianchelli)

ApE 1.18 – Apollodorus, Epitome

After giving Theseus two children, Akamas and Demophon, Phaidra falls in love with the Amazon’s son, that is Hippolytos, and she begs him to lie with her.  (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey).  Greek Text

♠ Pindar fr. 176 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 127, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

although Theseus had a son, Demophon, with Antiope… (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)

Naupaktia fr. 10 PEG – Poetae Epici Graeci 1, p. 126, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig 1987.

I found some who are said to have been raised by him (sc. Asklepios) …Hippolytos, as says the poet of the Naupaktia... (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)

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Edited by Aaron J. Ivey, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Classics, University of Georgia, June 2016.

Updated by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, April 2023.

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